Quality of Life Among Chronic Liver Disease Patients: An Exploratory Cross Sectional Survey

Authors

  • Jyoti
  • Manisha Saklani
  • Jyoti Sarin

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.37506/ijfmt.v15i2.14296

Keywords:

Quality of life, Chronic Liver disease

Abstract

Background: QOL is the general well-being of individuals and societies, outlining negative and positive
features of life. It observes life satisfaction, including everything from physical health, family, education,
employment, wealth, religious beliefs, finance and the environment.1 Quality of life has an important status
in patient management suffering from chronic liver disease.
Objectives: The present study was done to assess the quality of life among patients suffering from Chronic
Liver Diseases.
Material and Methods: A descriptive explorative cross-sectional research design was used. Data was
collected from 165 patients using purposive sampling technique. The quality of life Scale (QOLS) was used
to assess the quality of life among chronic liver diseases patient admitted at Institute of Liver and Biliary
Sciences. MELD and CTP score was used to assess the mortality and survival rate among chronic liver
diseases patient. The study participants and their care givers were informed that the study is harmless; all the
gathered data was treated confidentially and used for research purpose only.
Results: The results of the study revealed that 0.6 percent of the patients have poor, in 35.2 percent of the
people have moderate whereas 64.2 percent of the people have good quality of life. In terms of physical
wellbeing of patient 11.52 percent of the people have poor, 73.93 percent have moderate while only 14.55
percent have good quality of life. In relation with social wellbeing of the patient 0.61 percent of the people
have poor, 27.88 percent have moderate while only 17.51 percent have good quality of life. As per emotional
wellbeing of the patient 3.03 percent of the people have poor, 87.88 percent have moderate while only 9.09
percent have good quality of life. In terms of functional wellbeing of patient 3.03 percent of the people
have poor, 60 percent have moderate while only 36.97 percent have good quality of life. The quality of life
in terms of cost showed that 11.52 percent of the patient had poor, 73.93 percent had moderate, and 14.55
percent of the patient has good quality of life. The quality of life in terms of limitation due to signs and
symptoms showed that 1.21 percent of the patient have poor, 81.82 percent have moderate whereas 16.97
percent of the patient had good quality of life. The weak positive correlation (r=0.48) was found between
MELD and CTP score.
Conclusion: The study concluded that only 35.2 percent of the patient have moderate quality of life, more
than half (64.2%) of the patient have good quality of life. So, the effective steps need to be taken to improve
the quality of life among patients with Chronic Liver Diseases.

Author Biographies

Jyoti

Principal, GMCH, College of Nursing, Sec.32 Chandigarh

Manisha Saklani

Nursing Tutor, MM College of Nursing, Maharishi
Markandeshwar Deemed to University Mullana, Ambala, Haryana

Jyoti Sarin

Dean- Principal, MM College of Nursing,
Maharishi Markandeshwar Deemed to University Mullana, Ambala, Haryana

Published

2021-03-24

How to Cite

Jyoti, Manisha Saklani, & Jyoti Sarin. (2021). Quality of Life Among Chronic Liver Disease Patients: An Exploratory Cross Sectional Survey. Indian Journal of Forensic Medicine & Toxicology, 15(2), 163-169. https://doi.org/10.37506/ijfmt.v15i2.14296

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