Recent Updates in Female Infertility: A Short Review of Literature
Keywords:Female infertility, Testosterone, Endometriosis, Prolactin, PCOD
Infertility is defined as the inability to conceive after 1 year of unprotected intercourse. It has been estimated
that 93% of healthy couples practicing unprotected intercourse should except to conceive within 1 year.
Females presenting after this time should therefore be regarded as possibly infertile and should be evaluated.
Although infertility is considered by some as primarily a woman’s problem, men often contribute to and are
also affected. Infertility problem often arise as a result of hormonal dysfunction of the hypothalamic-pituitarygonadal axis. Human infertility is a complex problem, which has numerous consequences depending on the
society and cultural background, age, hormone problems, environmental problem, gender, lifestyle, sexual
history, of the people it affects. Infertility is a global public health concern this is partly due to its complexity
in etiology as well as difficulty in preventing, diagnosing and treating it.
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