Parenting Knowledge and Anxiety among Primiparus Couple in Odisha, India: A Cross Sectional Study
Keywords:primiparus, parenting, knowledge, anxiety,
Background: Turning into the parent bring difficulties, challenges and series of changes such as emotional
adjustment, couple relationship issues and trouble overseeing regular newborn child practices. Preparing
for the progress to parenthood brings changes in life roles and finding a way to oversee such changes. New
parents can get ready for parenthood by training of skills, child rearing tasks and assets that can help with
turning into a parent.
Objective: To evaluate the level of knowledge of primigravida mother and father regarding parenthood. To
determine the level of anxiety between couples. To find out the association between level of knowledge with
selected demographic variable.
Methods: The present study is a cross sectional non experimental descriptive survey. The total samples
for this study are 380 primi couples. A self-structured questionnaire was prepared to assess the level of
knowledge of primiparus couples and standardize anxiety tool to assess anxiety between parents. Data was
collected by interviewing the study samples. Pilot study was conducted with 30 samples from different
settings to check the reliability & feasibility of the study.
Results: The finding of this study is (29%) of couple has good knowledge and (37%) couple has poor
knowledge regarding preparedness of parenthood. Mean and SD of knowledge score of father and mother is
17.06±3.60 and 18.36±3.99 respectively. More than half i.e. 41.31% couple has mild to moderate anxiety and
only 42.89% couple has minimum anxiety. There is no significant association between level of knowledge
and age, occupation, level of education and monthly income of couple as it is less than P value 0.05.
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