Prevalence of Hypertension in Patients with Coronary Artery Diseases with and without Type-II Diabetes Mellitus
Keywords:Diabetes mellitus, Coronary artery diseases, Hypertension &Body mass Index.
Background: - Hypertension is one of the major public health issue and also have an important area of
research. Its high prevalence and being a major risk factor for cardiovascular diseases and other complications.
Hypertension accounts for the majority of hypertension in individuals with diabetes, particularly those with
Objectives. To study association of hypertension with diabetes and also find out the prevalence of
hypertension in type-II diabetes, CAD patients with or without type-II diabetes mellitus.
Materials & Methods: - It is a type of case control study among the rural population of kamothe, where
A total of 120 subjects were included in the study among which 90 were in study subjects and 30 were in
control groups and among the study subjects (i.e.-90) 30 were in CAD with diabetes, 30 were in CAD and
30 in Diabetes mellitus respectively. BMI was calculated by height and weight and BP was recorded. Blood
sugar were measured by enzymatic method on EM-200 analyzer
Results:-The mean level of BMI in the group –II that is in the coronary artery disease with diabetes is
24.22 ± 1.0, in only coronary artery diseases was 20.65 ± 2.0 and in only diabetes subjects was 24.39±1.0
of the study subjects in the comparison of control subjects i.e. 23.17 ± 1.78 and we have also found the
statistical significance (P-0.001) in all the study groups. In the aspects of Blood pressure distribution, we
have distributed it into different stage of hypertension and found that more number of patients from group
III i.e. only CAD and found 83% diastolic BP in pre hypertension stages and 60% were hypertensive and
in only DM, there were 56% SBP and 60% DBP in pre-hypertensive.
Conclusion: - Periodic evaluation of patient with pre hypertension and hypertension by applying life
style modifications and may favor the good outcome and also prompt the treatment of hypertension and
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