Predisposing Risk Factors Associated with Acute Myocardial Infarction (AMI): A Review
Keywords:Acute myocardial infarction, Modifiable risk factor and Non-modifiable risk factor
Among non-communicable diseases, cardiovascular diseases are major contributors to the resulting morbidity
and mortality all over the world and India is no exception. Being one of the densely populated country and
categorized as developing country, the proportion of subjects who are being afflicted with this disease has
been progressively increasing. One of the leading causes for cardiovascular complications is myocardial
infarction. The incidence of Acute Myocardial infarction has been observed across all the populations and
from early adulthood to old age. Over the years there has been change in life style and dietary habits which
is further contributing to increased prevalence. A number of risk factors have been found to be causative
factors for development of the disease. Which include, genetic, environmental, life style modifications etc.
The risk factors can be categorized in modifiable and non-modifiable risk factors. Those factors which can
be controlled are categorized as modifiable and by changing them the risk level can be decreased whereas
non modifiable risk factors cannot be changed and by knowing them one can assess the amount of risk
involved. The present review is focused on various risk factors which are known to cause cardiovascular
diseases and the role of each risk factor in the development of Acute Myocardial Infarction.
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