Efficacy of Innovative Table for Traction, Myofascial Release Along with Medicated Steam (Swedan) in Non-Specific Low Back Pain Patients: A Research Protocol
Keywords:Traction table, Low back pain, Steam therapy, Myofascial release.
Background: Low back pain (LBP) is a common condition associated with work absenteeism, disability
and large health care costs with an annual prevalence range from 22% to 65%.Chronic low back pain is the
condition where the back pain lasts for more than three months. Lumbar traction is the process of applying a
stretching force to the lumbar vertebrae through body weight, weights, and/or pulleys to distract individual
joints of the lumbar spine. Myofascial release (MFR) is a form of manual medicine which involves the
application of a low load, long duration stretch to the myofascial complex, intended to restore optimal
length, decrease pain, and improve function. Medicated steam therapy is a method of giving medicated
steam over the affected muscular area in order to provide local effect of pain relief. All the three methods
will be applied together to see the effect.
Methods/Design: The study will be designed as a pilot study. A total of 30 samples will be taken with
nonspecific low back pain. NPRS and Modified Oswestry Disability index was taken before treatment.
Intervention including traction, myofascial release therapy and medicated steam will be given. . Two sessions
will be given once a week for 3 weeks and outcome will be recorded.
Discussion: Various studies have been conducted over the effect of lumbar traction over low back pain.
Traction distracts the muscles and the joint helps in relieving the pain. One of the therapeutic options is
traction, which can be combined with other physical therapy modalities. Combining effect of traction with
hot fermentation has been effective study have shown. It has been claimed that traction therapy results in
lessening the muscle spasm
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