Nanotechnology: A New Strategy to Treat Dental Hypersensitivity

Authors

  • Rini Behera
  • Naomi Ranjan Singh
  • Satabdi Pattnaik
  • Siba Prasad Jena
  • Priyanka Paul Madhu
  • Vinitha Annavarjula

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.37506/ijfmt.v15i2.14388

Keywords:

Dental Hypersensitivity, Nanotechnology, Stannous Fluoride, Biomimetic Particles.

Abstract

Dental Hypersensitivity is the most commonly encountered dental problems associated with short, sharp pain
rising from exposed dentine in response to stimuli such as tactile, osmotic and chemical. Hypersensitivity
may present on several teeth, in one area of the mouth, or on one specific tooth. DHS should be differentiated
from another tooth sensitivity which may elicit from other clinical conditions such as dental caries,
microleakage, cracked tooth or fractured restorations. Several treatment strategies such as desensitization
of nerve endings, masking of dentin tubules, occlusion of dentin tubules, and iontophoresis, are prevalent
in clinical practices. Stannous ions, most commonly used in toothpastes as stannous fluoride, have been
demonstrated to occlude dentine tubules in vitro. SnF2 toothpaste formulations have been used for several
decades and are widely accepted as an effective DH treatment. Recently advanced nanotechnology has taken
a wide leap in improving the various measures in the treatment of hypersensitivity by its nano particles.
Nano structures have superior hardness, elasticity and flexural strength leading to its better application.
Biomimetic particles desensitizing effect of nanocrystals which is caused by the progressive closure of the
tubular openings of the dentine with plugs. These advancements have progressed the growth in the treatment
of Dental Hypersensitivity and have evoked a great amount of attention for improving disease prevention.

Author Biographies

Rini Behera

Senior Lecturer, Department of Conservative Dentistry and Endodontics, Institute of Dental Sciences, Siksha
‘O’ Anusandhan University, Bhubhaneshwar, Odisha, India

Naomi Ranjan Singh

Senior Lecturer, Department of Conservative Dentistry and Endodontics, Institute of Dental Sciences, Siksha
‘O’ Anusandhan University, Bhubhaneshwar, Odisha, India

Satabdi Pattnaik

Senior Lecturer, Department of Conservative Dentistry and Endodontics, Institute of Dental Sciences, Siksha
‘O’ Anusandhan University, Bhubhaneshwar, Odisha, India

Siba Prasad Jena

Senior Lecturer, Department of Conservative Dentistry and Endodontics, Institute of Dental Sciences, Siksha
‘O’ Anusandhan University, Bhubhaneshwar, Odisha, India

Priyanka Paul Madhu

Assistant Professor, Department of Public Health
Dentistry, Tatyasaheb Kore Dental College and Research Centre, New Pargaon, Kolhapur, Maharashtra, India

Vinitha Annavarjula

Fellow, Department of Oral Oncology, Kidwai Memorial Institute of Oncology, Bangalore, Karnataka, India

Published

2021-03-24

How to Cite

Rini Behera, Naomi Ranjan Singh, Satabdi Pattnaik, Siba Prasad Jena, Priyanka Paul Madhu, & Vinitha Annavarjula. (2021). Nanotechnology: A New Strategy to Treat Dental Hypersensitivity. Indian Journal of Forensic Medicine & Toxicology, 15(2), 668-675. https://doi.org/10.37506/ijfmt.v15i2.14388