To Assess the Effectiveness of Video-Assisted Teaching on Knowledge Regarding Lifestyle Modifications and Drug Regimen in Postoperative Coronary Artery Bypass Graft (CABG) Patients Attending OPD

Authors

  • Savita Pohekar
  • Seema Singh
  • Samruddhi Gujar

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.37506/ijfmt.v15i2.14412

Keywords:

Effectiveness, Video-assisted teaching, lifestyle modification, and post-operative CABG patients

Abstract

Background:In patients suffering from coronary heart disease ( CHD) after coronary artery bypass grafting
(CABG), non-adherence to dietary guidelines, exercise, and prescription medication regimens is a major
health care concern worldwide. Aim of the Study:To assess the effectiveness of video-assisted teaching
on adherence to lifestyle modifications and drug regimen among postoperative coronary artery bypass
graft (CABG) patients attending the outpatient department. Objectives:1. Assess the knowledge regarding
lifestyle modifications and drugregimen among post-operative CABG patients attending OPD.2. Evaluate
the effectiveness of video-assisted teaching on knowledge regarding lifestyle modifications and drugregimen
among post-operative CABG patients attending cardiac and medicine OPD.3. Associate post-test knowledge
score with selected demographic variables of CABG patients. Material and Methods: A hospital-based
interventional study was used one group pre-test and post-test study design with a Quantitative research
approach. This study was conducted among 100postoperative CABGattending outpatient departments of
the age group from 55 years to 70 and above in Wardha city of Maharashtra state. The demographic data
such asage, sex, educational status, monthly income, dietary pattern and duration after CABGalong with
30 knowledge questionnaire regarding lifestyle modifications and drugregimen in postoperativecoronary
artery bypass graftwas obtained using a structured pre-tested questionnaire.Data collected were entered
into the Microsoft Excel sheet. The statistical analysis was done using SPSS software. Frequencies and
percentages were presented for categorical variables. Result: The pre-test findings show that 0-20%had a
poor level of knowledge,21-40%had average knowledge,41-60% had good knowledge,61-80 % had very
good knowledge. Aftervideo-assistedteaching the post-test scorewas26-50%had average knowledge,51-75%
had good knowledgeand76-100 %had very good knowledge, thus it shows that after post-test the knowledge
score was increased, applied to find the efficacy of video-assisted teaching’t’ test was applied and’t’ value
was calculated, The post-test score was considerably higher at 0.05 level than that of pretest score. Hence it
indicates that video-assistedefficient teaching.
Conclusion:In general, knowledge of lifestyle changes and drug regimen in post-operative patients
(CABG) has been average in the pretest and after video-assisted knowledge of adherence to drug regimen
and regulation of lifestyle factors like high fat, high cholesterol diet, obesity, smoking and lack of regular
exercise has been increased and understanding of the disease dimension has therefore been generated.

Author Biographies

Savita Pohekar

Associate Professor

Seema Singh

Professor & Principal

Samruddhi Gujar

Clinical Instructor, Medical-Surgical Nursing Department, Data
Meghe Institute of Medical Sciences Deemed to be University, Smt.RadhikabaiMeghe Memorial College of Nursing
Sawangi(Meghe),Wardha

Published

2021-03-24

How to Cite

Savita Pohekar, Seema Singh, & Samruddhi Gujar. (2021). To Assess the Effectiveness of Video-Assisted Teaching on Knowledge Regarding Lifestyle Modifications and Drug Regimen in Postoperative Coronary Artery Bypass Graft (CABG) Patients Attending OPD. Indian Journal of Forensic Medicine & Toxicology, 15(2), 801-808. https://doi.org/10.37506/ijfmt.v15i2.14412