To Assess the Effectiveness of Video-Assisted Teaching on Knowledge Regarding Lifestyle Modifications and Drug Regimen in Postoperative Coronary Artery Bypass Graft (CABG) Patients Attending OPD
Keywords:Effectiveness, Video-assisted teaching, lifestyle modification, and post-operative CABG patients
Background:In patients suffering from coronary heart disease ( CHD) after coronary artery bypass grafting
(CABG), non-adherence to dietary guidelines, exercise, and prescription medication regimens is a major
health care concern worldwide. Aim of the Study:To assess the effectiveness of video-assisted teaching
on adherence to lifestyle modifications and drug regimen among postoperative coronary artery bypass
graft (CABG) patients attending the outpatient department. Objectives:1. Assess the knowledge regarding
lifestyle modifications and drugregimen among post-operative CABG patients attending OPD.2. Evaluate
the effectiveness of video-assisted teaching on knowledge regarding lifestyle modifications and drugregimen
among post-operative CABG patients attending cardiac and medicine OPD.3. Associate post-test knowledge
score with selected demographic variables of CABG patients. Material and Methods: A hospital-based
interventional study was used one group pre-test and post-test study design with a Quantitative research
approach. This study was conducted among 100postoperative CABGattending outpatient departments of
the age group from 55 years to 70 and above in Wardha city of Maharashtra state. The demographic data
such asage, sex, educational status, monthly income, dietary pattern and duration after CABGalong with
30 knowledge questionnaire regarding lifestyle modifications and drugregimen in postoperativecoronary
artery bypass graftwas obtained using a structured pre-tested questionnaire.Data collected were entered
into the Microsoft Excel sheet. The statistical analysis was done using SPSS software. Frequencies and
percentages were presented for categorical variables. Result: The pre-test findings show that 0-20%had a
poor level of knowledge,21-40%had average knowledge,41-60% had good knowledge,61-80 % had very
good knowledge. Aftervideo-assistedteaching the post-test scorewas26-50%had average knowledge,51-75%
had good knowledgeand76-100 %had very good knowledge, thus it shows that after post-test the knowledge
score was increased, applied to find the efficacy of video-assisted teaching’t’ test was applied and’t’ value
was calculated, The post-test score was considerably higher at 0.05 level than that of pretest score. Hence it
indicates that video-assistedefficient teaching.
Conclusion:In general, knowledge of lifestyle changes and drug regimen in post-operative patients
(CABG) has been average in the pretest and after video-assisted knowledge of adherence to drug regimen
and regulation of lifestyle factors like high fat, high cholesterol diet, obesity, smoking and lack of regular
exercise has been increased and understanding of the disease dimension has therefore been generated.
How to Cite
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.
Re use and mixing of content policy- We follow Creative Commons Licence Policy. We follow CC BY. Please refer below for all details
This license lets others distribute, remix, adapt, and build upon our work, even commercially, as long as they credit us for the original creation.
- The journal allows readers to read, download, copy, distribute, print, search, or link to the full texts of its articles and allow readers to use them for any other lawful purpose.
- The journal allows the author(s) to hold the copyright without restrictions.
- The journal allows the author(s) to retain publishing rights without restrictions