Assess the Effectiveness of Self-Instruction Module on Knowledge Regarding Nipah Virus Infection and Its Prevention among General Population

Authors

  • Sheetal Sakharkar
  • Samrudhi Gujar
  • Ruchira Ankar
  • Ranjana Sharma
  • Savita Pohekar
  • Arati Raut

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.37506/ijfmt.v15i2.14419

Keywords:

efficacy, general public, Nipah virus infection, self learning module, skill.

Abstract

Introduction: NipahVirus infection is a newly appear animal disease that develop a serious disease in both
animal group and human being. NiV is a contagious agent which develops the serious illnesses by the Nipah
(genus Henipavirus). NiV may be spread from animal (e.g. bats or pigs) or infected foodstuffs to man and
may also be spread directly from mans to mans. Case mortality levels are reported at 40% to 75%, based on
epidemiological monitoring and clinical intervention. This incidence can vary by epidemic. A self-instruction
module on knowledge regarding Nipah virus infection and its prevention among general population helps to
improve and update the knowledge regarding Nipah virus infection. Hence the investigator felt the need to
develop a self instruction module for preventing Nipah virus infection.
Aim: To determine the effectiveness of self instruction module on knowledge regarding Nipah virus infection
and its prevention among general population.
Materials and Methods: A quasi-experimental research design was used to conduct this study. Non
probability convenient sampling technique used to collect data from general population on the basis of
structured knowledge questioner. After collecting pretest data, self-instructional module was given for
intervention on knowledge regarding Nipah virus infection and its prevention among general population.
Seven days were given to the samples for utilizing self instructional module which was organized for 45-
50 minutes. Post-test information was gathered after seven days from the day of intervention. The sample
characteristics were described by frequency, percentage and t-test was used to describe the difference
between pre-test and post-test knowledge score. Chi-square test was also used to find out the association
between knowledge of general population regarding Nipah virus infection and its prevention with selected
demographic variables.
Result: The findings showed that in pretest 112 (93.33 %) general population had average knowledge,
08(6.67%) general population had good knowledge, whereas post test 7(5.8 %) had good knowledge, 113
(94.17%) had excellent knowledge.
Conclusion: Nipah Virus is a newly emerging animal disease that leads to a serious disease in both animals
and humans. Nipah virus may be transmitted to mans from animals (e.g. bats or pigs) or infected foods, and
may also be transmitted directly from mans to mans so as this intervention will helpful to aware the general
population to prevent Nipah virus infection and its complication.

Author Biographies

Sheetal Sakharkar

Assistant Professor

Samrudhi Gujar

Assistant Professor

Ruchira Ankar

Asso. Professor, Dept. Medical Surgical Nursing, Smt. Radhikabai Meghe Memorial
College of Nursing, Datta Meghe Institute of Medical Sciences Sawangi (Meghe), Wardha, Maharashtra, India

Ranjana Sharma

Asso. Professor, Dept. Medical Surgical Nursing, Smt. Radhikabai Meghe Memorial
College of Nursing, Datta Meghe Institute of Medical Sciences Sawangi (Meghe), Wardha, Maharashtra, India

Savita Pohekar

Asso. Professor, Dept. Medical Surgical Nursing, Smt. Radhikabai Meghe Memorial
College of Nursing, Datta Meghe Institute of Medical Sciences Sawangi (Meghe), Wardha, Maharashtra, India

Arati Raut

Assistant Professor

Published

2021-03-24

How to Cite

Sheetal Sakharkar, Samrudhi Gujar, Ruchira Ankar, Ranjana Sharma, Savita Pohekar, & Arati Raut. (2021). Assess the Effectiveness of Self-Instruction Module on Knowledge Regarding Nipah Virus Infection and Its Prevention among General Population. Indian Journal of Forensic Medicine & Toxicology, 15(2), 849-855. https://doi.org/10.37506/ijfmt.v15i2.14419