Correlation of body mass index with dynamic balance using Y-Balance Test in adults with the Flexible Flat Foot: An Analytical Correlation Research Protocol
Keywords:Balance, BMI, Flexible flat foot, YBT-LQ
Background: Balance is one of the primary requirements for both static and dynamic activities. Body Mass
Index (BMI) is measurement for estimating excess body fat. The Lower Quarter Y-Balance Test (YBTLQ) is a screening instrument that measures single-leg balance in different directions. Flexible flatfoot is
the postural aspect with depressed medial longitudinal arch, pronated subtalar joint and valgus position of
calcaneus, evident only in weight-bearing position.
Methods: An analytical correlation study with 255 participants (Purposive sampling) will be taken as per
inclusion and exclusion criteria with study duration of 3 years. The BMI, sit to stand Navicular Drop Test
(SSNDT), limb length and medial longitudinal arch angle (MLAA) will be measured and compared. The
mean score of the Y Balance Test in different categories of BMI will be compared by performing one way
ANOVA test. The mean score of the Y Balance Test between two groups in each category of BMI will be
compared by Bonferroni t-test.
Conclusion: The study aims the correlation of BMI with the dynamic balance on Y-balanced test in adults
with flexible flat foot. The expected outcome of study will concentrate on the significant correlation of Y
Balance Test in different categories of BMI.
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