Efficacy of Static Stabilization Exercises along with Progressive Resistive Exercises on Balance and Quality of Life in Elderly Population: A Study Protocol
Keywords:Static Stabilization Exercises, Progressive Resistive Exercises, Balance, Quality of life, Elderly, Older adults
Background: Balance impairment is one of the most prevalent concern with increasing age. Globally, One
in five older adult experiences balance problem. Prevalence of fall has been estimated at 14-53 %in India.
Various intervention has already been use to prevent fall and improve quality of life. Static Stabilization
Exercises and Progressive Strength training have proven to be effective as a single intervention however
minimal literature is available on combined effect of both. The main objective of study is to find out efficacy
of combined Static Stabilization Exercises and Progressive Resistive Exercises on balance and quality of life
of elderly population and also establishment of dose response relationship of balance training.
Methods/Design: The study will be designed as experimental study. 100 participants will be selected as
per inclusion and exclusion criteria and will be allocated in two groups, Combined Intervention Group (A)
and Traditional Balance Intervention group (B). Both intervention include 30-45 min session which will be
carried out 3-5 times in week for duration of 8 weeks structured into different components. Outcome will be
Balance and Quality of Life and outcome measures will be evaluated at baseline, at midway (4th week) and
at the end (8th week) of intervention period. Statistical Analysis will be done using SPSS24. Oversion and
p<0.005 will be considered as level of significance.
Discussion: The study protocol details two Physiotherapy Interventions to improve balance and quality
of life in elderly population. In current literatures there are minimal evidence on combined effect of Static
Stabilization Exercises and Progressive Resistive Exercises on balance and quality of life. Successful
Completion of trial will provide evidence for best strategy targeting balance and quality of life and
relationship of dose response and balance training.
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