Evaluation of Sociodemographic Characteristics of Pregnant Women without Any Medico-Legal Issues
Keywords:Social inequalities; adverse pregnancy outcomes; pregnant women; medico-legal issues (MLI).
Background and Objectives: In light of the pregnancy, identifying sociodemographic issues is crucial for
optimising antenatal care. The period of pregnancy is very critical, as each of the women expects a usual
outcome. Any inconvenience caused to both mother and unborn fetus arising out of the mismanagement may
invite litigation as prescribed by the land rule. Therefore, we aimed to analyse different sociodemographic
factors associated with pregnancy without medico-legal issues (MLI).
Materials and Methods: It is a prospective, cross-sectional study carried out on 325 participants of pregnancy
without any MLI. All the participant were observed and interviewed to know the inconvenience faced during
their antenatal period if any. The medical record was physically verified, and sociodemographic data were
recorded for analysis. Descriptive statistical methods were computed, and the statistical significance was
tested by chi-square test and student’s t-test. eth
Results:Majority of patients, i.e. 48% were within the age group of 21 to 25 years. The number of nulliparous
women was the highest being 143 (44%). Majority of the cases belonged to the middle socioeconomic class.
189 (58%) cases came from a rural background while 136 patients (42%) came from urban areas, and 65.5%
of cases were the booked cases. Majority of 197 (60.6%) cases comprises Hindu.
Conclusion: The pregnancy cases without any medico-legal complication show average sociodemographic
findings. Such findings are useful for targeted health policies aimed at attaining healthy pre-pregnancy care.
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