Oral Health Awareness Among Parents of Differently Abled Children : A study in North Indian Population
Keywords:Oral heath, awareness, differently abled children
Introduction Good oral health is of paramount importance not only for chewing but also plays a major role
in overall healthy development of a child. Differently abled children may not be able to look after their oral
health and hygiene themselves. Every child has the equal right for healthy development and opportunities in
various fields of life. As most of the differently-abled children perform their regular activities with the help
of or under the supervision of a family member or caregiver, it is important for the parents or caregivers to
have sufficient knowledge about oral hygiene measures in order to guide the child efficiently.
Materials and Method: A structured modified oral health awareness questionnaire having two componentssociodemographic data and questionnaire- related to oral hygiene habits, sugar exposure, and oral health
seeking behaviour was constructed. The parents and guardians of 200 institutionalized physically/mentally
challenged students were asked to fill up the questionnaires and were then educated regarding proper oral
hygiene measures with the help of posters and audio-visual aids.
Conclusion: Differently children, due to limited ability and inadequate guidance on oral hygiene maintenance,
are prone to poor oral health. There is lack of knowledge of importance of oral health in parents of differently
abled children. It is the duty of oral health care workers to educate the parents of differently abled children
about significance of oral health and how they can train their child for maintenance of proper oral health and
hygiene for their overall healthy development.
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