Awareness and Attitude Towards Organ Donation Under Transplantation of Human Organ Act 1994 amongst Medical Students in Teaching Hospital at Chennai
Keywords:Organ donation, THOA, Knowledge, Attitude, Practice, medical students
Organ transplantation, a treatment procedure to save the lives of patients with end stage organ failure is a
grey zone about which the multitude is still unaware. The attitude of the Indian population towards organ
donation is very bleak accounting to a rate of 0.26 per ten lakh people. A cross-sectional study was conducted
among 300 medical students with a pre-tested, semi structured questionnaire to assess their knowledge and
attitude regarding organ donation. Data collected was statistically analysed using SPSS software. 96% of
the study participants were aware about organ donation and 98.5% believed that organ donation should be
promoted. 4.8% participants of this study had already signed up the organ donation form .Willingness for
organ donation was significantly associated with knowledge about organ donation. When compared to boys,
girls reported higher mean scores in knowledge (8.48±1.11) and attitude (7.38±0.85). Though most of the
students had adequate knowledge, gaps existed in their practices. By providing adequate knowledge and
orientation about the topic, all the Medical graduates can become the potential organ donors in the future
and also abide by the law of land by motivating the patients to donate their organs.
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