Gender Determination from Toe Prints Among Kagay-Anons of Philippines for Forensic Application

Authors

  • Nataraja Moorthy T
  • DevinaKD
  • Ariel Philip IP

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.37506/ijfmt.v15i2.14470

Keywords:

Forensic science, toe print, ridge density, gender, Kagay-anon, Philippines

Abstract

Footprint is a physical evidence, often found at the crime scenes. Due to its ability to provide more
information than fingerprint, it has been considered as a valuable clue. Sometimes, partial footprints or toe
prints are found in crime scenes. Hence the present study used toe prints among Kagay-Anons of Philippines
population for gender determination. A total of 4000 toe prints were collected and analyzed by “Acree
method”, using 5mm x 5mm square area transparent film. The number of ridges within the square was
calculated as ridge density. The finding has shown that females havecomparatively higher ridge density than
malesin all five toes. The present study shows that partial foot print found at the crime scene can be still
collected and analyzed for identification

Author Biographies

Nataraja Moorthy T

Supervisor and Professor

DevinaKD

Student Researchers, Department of Diagnostic and Allied Health Science, Faculty
of Health and Life Sciences, Management and Science University, Malaysia

Ariel Philip IP

Field Supervisor and Police
Superintendent, Villanueva, Misamis Oriental Mindanao, National Philippine Police, Philippines

Published

2021-03-24

How to Cite

Nataraja Moorthy T, DevinaKD, & Ariel Philip IP. (2021). Gender Determination from Toe Prints Among Kagay-Anons of Philippines for Forensic Application. Indian Journal of Forensic Medicine & Toxicology, 15(2), 1125-1130. https://doi.org/10.37506/ijfmt.v15i2.14470