Child Abuse and Neglect: Role and Obligation of Pediatric Dentist in India

Authors

  • Varsha Sharma
  • Brahmananda Dutta
  • Mukul Sharma
  • Anandamoy Bagchi

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.37506/ijfmt.v15i2.14481

Keywords:

Child abuse, India, Neglect, Obligation, Pediatric Dentist, Role.

Abstract

Background: Child abuse is a form of behavior that involves treating someone (child, under the age of
18years) with cruelty or violence resulting in actual or potential harm to the child. It has no boundaries
and may occur in any geography, culture, or in any socioeconomic strata. Many studies reveal that there is
inadequate knowledge and awareness regarding child abuse recognition and reporting among health workers.
Method: Most of the studies reported that trauma to head and facial region occurs in approximately 50%
or more of physically abused children. Therefore Pediatric Dentist has major chance of witnessing the
physical abuse in clinical practice. On the same time they are not the authority to make diagnosis of child
abuse & neglect, rather identify and report the suspected cases, so that a process for effective protection of
the victimized children can be initiated. It is the responsibility of the child protection agency/commission to
confirm the crime and do the needful. Hence, the role of pediatric dentist in the identification and reporting
of suspected child abuse is crucial. He is expected to practice 4R’s: Recognize, Refer (if any), Record and
Report
Conclusion: Understanding the peculiar role of Pediatric Dentist in recognizing and reporting child abuse
and neglect which ultimately contributes towards making better world for children.

Author Biographies

Varsha Sharma

Post Graduate

Brahmananda Dutta

Professor & Head, Dept. of Pediatric and Preventive Dentistry, Kalinga Institute of Dental
Sciences, KIIT Deemed to be University, Patia, Bhubaneswar, Odisha

Mukul Sharma

Senior Resident, Department of Forensic
Medicine and Toxicology, AIIMS, Bhubaneswar, Odisha

Anandamoy Bagchi

Professor, Department of Pediatric and Preventive
Dentistry, Kalinga Institute of Dental Sciences, KIIT Deemed to be University, Patia, Bhubaneswar, Odisha

Published

2021-03-24

How to Cite

Varsha Sharma, Brahmananda Dutta, Mukul Sharma, & Anandamoy Bagchi. (2021). Child Abuse and Neglect: Role and Obligation of Pediatric Dentist in India. Indian Journal of Forensic Medicine & Toxicology, 15(2), 1179-1188. https://doi.org/10.37506/ijfmt.v15i2.14481