Assessment of Type-2-Diabetics’ Patient Knowledge toward Diabetics’ Control Methods at Baghdad Teaching Hospital/ Medical City
Keywords:Type 2 Diabetes mellitus, Physical exercise, Weight loss, Diet
The study aims to assess the level of type (2)diabetic patients’ knowledge toward diabetes control methods
and to find out the relationship between diabetic patients’ knowledge toward diabetes control methods and
their demographic characteristics that include (age, gender, and level of education). A quantitative descriptive
study design was carried out at medical wards in Baghdad teaching hospital, for the period of January, 20th
2019 to April 20th 2019, data was collected7th-30th March2019. The study sample is composed of (30)
patients who were treated in medical wards at Baghdad Teaching Hospital. The questionnaire consists of
two parts; first is concerned with the demographic and personal data for patients; and the second part is
concerned with patient knowledge toward diabetes control methods, that include diet, exercise and weight
loss. The data have been analyzed through the application of: descriptive analysis that include frequency,
percentages; mean of scores, and the inferential analysis that include: Analysis of variance and the researcher
used the SPSS version 20 to analysis of data. The study identified that more than half of the study sample
(53.3%) were male at age(45-64), in relation to level of education, most of the patients were illiterate. most
patients have regular follow up, always use self- blood glucose monitoring practice, (73.3%) were receiving
information about diabetes mellitus (DM). (83.3%) have information about diet. Polyuria and Hunger is
most specific signs and symptoms of hyperglycemia and hypoglycemia determined by patients, (66.7%)
don’t have physical exercise and walking is chosen exercise of patient for 30< min in day. Most patient use
has diet adjustment especially in dinner meal. There is no significant difference between patient knowledge
and demographic characteristics.
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