Effectiveness of an Educational Program on Nurses’ Practices toward Using of Personal Protective Equipment at Kidney Transplant Center in Baghdad City
Keywords:Nurses, practice, personal protective equipment, kidney transplant.
The study aims to evaluate nurses’ practices toward using personal protective equipment, and to identify the
relationships between nurses’ demographics including (age, gender, education level, and years of experiences
in kidney transplantation units) and their practices toward aseptic techniques. A quasi-experimental study,
quantitative design (One-group Pretest - Posttest) was conducted on nurse’s practice toward aseptic
techniques in kidney transplant units. It was carried out in order to achieve the early stated objectives with
the application of pretest and posttest. A non-probability (purposive) sample of (30) nurses who are working
in kidney transplant unit, that’s selected based on the study criterion, and after obtaining oral consent from
them, those nurses were distributed in kidney transplant units at Medical City complex. The study Instrument
was composed of two Parts: The First Part is concerned with the socio-demographic characteristics, and the
second Part includes Nurses’ Practices. Content validity of the instrument was established through a penal
of (12) experts. Reliability of the instrument scales determined the internal consistency by using test-retest
approach through the computation of Pearson correlation coefficient of the scale which was r=0.83 for nurse’
practices. Results have been analyzed through the use of SPSS “Statistical Package for Social Sciences”
model 24.0 by using descriptive and inferential statistical methods. Findings of the present study revealed
that most of the samples were within the age of (40 - 49) years who were accounted (40%). It has been
presented that there were significant differences in the mean of the study sample between the pre and post test
procedures, revealing a significant improvement in nurses’ practices regarding using of personal protective
equipment. Moreover, a high significant difference was also presented among the whole study sample at pre
and post-test practices, t-test value (8.462) at p value (.000). The study recommended that nurses should
be committed to follow and apply standards of using the personal protective equipment, sharing in training
sessions, improve practices through self-learning and training, and establishing future studies to measure
nurses’ practices toward using personal protective equipment at all healthcare settings in Iraq.
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