The Caries Experience in the Smoker and Non-Smoker among College Student

Authors

  • Azhar A. Hussein
  • Maha Issam
  • Hatham Yunis

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.37506/ijfmt.v15i2.14580

Keywords:

dental caries, cigar, shisha, non-smoker

Abstract

Dental caries is the scientific term for tooth decay or cavities. It is caused by specific types of bacteria. They
produce acid that destroys the tooth’s enamel and the layer under it, the dentin. The bacteria turn sugar and
carbohydrates (starches) in the foods we eat into acids. Smoking is also a global and national health problem
and is one of the most significant health risks that impact all age groups.
The Study Aims to investigate the effects of different tobacco smoking methods and their relation to dental
caries in comparison to non-smoker students.
Material and Method: A random sample of 336 students from Tikrit university aged 19-24 years, the sample
grouped to cigar, shisha, cigar and shisha together and non-smoker groups. Dental caries was recorded
according to WHO criteria (1987) were decayed, missing and filled with permanent teeth (DMFS). The data
were analyzed as a descriptive statistic includes frequency, percentage, mean, and for statistical analysis of
the data using T- test and one- way ANOVA test to detect the significance of the relation between various
variable.
Result: the result of this study showed that the severity of dental caries higher in smoking cigar and smoking
shisha than in the non-smoking group with statistically highly significant.
Conclusion Nicotine may be increasing the incidence and severity of dental caries. So that, nicotine might
be considered as a risk factor for inducing of dental caries.

Author Biographies

Azhar A. Hussein

Lec. Department of Prevention, Orthodontics and Pedodontics, College of Dentistry, Tikrit University

Maha Issam

Lec. Department of Prevention, Orthodontics and Pedodontics, College of Dentistry, Tikrit University

Hatham Yunis

Asst.Prof. Department of Operative, Operative, College of Dentistry, Tikrit University

Published

2021-03-24

How to Cite

Azhar A. Hussein, Maha Issam, & Hatham Yunis. (2021). The Caries Experience in the Smoker and Non-Smoker among College Student. Indian Journal of Forensic Medicine & Toxicology, 15(2), 1683-1688. https://doi.org/10.37506/ijfmt.v15i2.14580