A Prospective Study of HIV Positive Autopsies Conducted at Aniims, Port Blair, Andaman & Nicobar Islands
Keywords:Autopsy, Cause of death, Manner of death, Anti-HIV positive medico legal deaths.
Medical and Medico Legal deaths claim a substantial number of lives in Andaman & Nicobar Islands. During
the 3-year-period from January 2016 to December 2018, 6 antibody HIV positive cases were autopsied at the
Department of Forensic Medicine & Toxicology in ANIIMS, Port Blair, Andaman and Nicobar Islands. The
purposes of this study were to report the autopsy findings of anti-HIV positive individuals, and to identify
the prevalence of specific factors such as gender, age, postmortem findings, cause and manner of death.
The 61 anti-HIV positive individuals who died at G B Pant Hospital, Port Blair consisted of 35 males and
26 females. Here, 55 cases died from natural cause, 6 cases due to unnatural causes termed as medico legal
death, which included 2 cases of accidents and 4 cases of suicide. All Medico legal cases underwent full
autopsy with universal precautions.
The prevalence of anti-HIV positive underlined the importance of awareness of HIV transmission in forensic
casework. In conclusion, full autopsies should be performed regularly on HIV infected patients with due
protective measures not only for medical research, but also for forensic study
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