Impact Evaluation of Gender and Age on Percentage Distribution of Candidiasis and their Control by Medicinal Mushroom in Laboratory
Keywords:Candidiasis, Biocontrol, Medicinal Mushroom, Pleurotus ostreatus.
Biological control represents an important approach for controlling many pathogenic fungi. Pleurotus
ostreatus is the most promising and effective bioagents against many pathogenic fungi. In this paper seventy
clinical specimens were collected from hospitalized patients, who were aged between (1 and 71) years old
for both genders. The results of this study showed that out of 70 specimens that collected from urine, Skin,
Vaginal and Oral specimens, (61) specimens (87.14%) were positive for fungal infections and (9) specimens
(12.86%) were negative. Out of (61) positive specimens, (50) specimens (82%) were positive for Candida
spp, (7) specimens (11%) were Trichophyton spp and (4) specimens (7%) were Microsporum spp. Out of
(50) positive specimens for candidal infections, Candida albicans was the more prevalence fungus (66%)
followed by the fungus Candida glabrata (14%). The maximum infection incidence has been recorded in
the age group of (21- 40) years and the women have been considerably more than the male in all tested
age groups. Pleurotus ostreatus culture filtrate affected the growth of Candida spp and the effect had been
increased with the increasing of the filtrate concentrations. The more sensitive species was C. tropicalis and
C. krusei than the other species.
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