The Influence of Knowledge, Lifestyle and Culture on the Incidence of Tuberculosis A Literature Review
Keywords:Tuberculosis, Knowledge, Lifestyle, Culture
Background: TB is a public health problem whose incidence is still high in Timor Leste. TB is an infectious
disease which is one of the leading causes of death in the world caused by an infectious agent Mycobacterium
tuberculosis. The purpose of this study was to review scientific articles focusing on the Influence of
Knowledge, Lifestyle and Culture on the Incidence of Tuberculosis. Method: The method used was a
literature review. Articles used as literature review materials came from SagePub, BMC Public Health,
Elsevier, Google Scholar, Pubmed, Proquest and others. The articles were selected based on the research
focus, which was the Influence of Knowledge, Lifestyle and Culture on the Incidence of Tuberculosis.
Results and Conclusions: Knowledge is very important in TB control efforts. Good knowledge needs to be
followed by a good perception. Such knowledge is not only for the TB patients but also for the families and
health workers. Lifestyles that are very risky to increase health vulnerability in TB patients are smoking,
drinking alcohol, using illegal drugs, inadequate consumption, living in a slum environment, lack of air
ventilation, lack of exercise, lack of sleep, urban life, lack of glycemic control, sugar consumption, and
living with TB patients. Cultural influences include inter-racial disparities, culture of seeking local treatment
or not going to health facilities, delay in initial screening, TB sputum examination, lack of PPE, poor local
TB surveillance, traditional medicine, stigma and culture carried by
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