Dental and Oral Care Treatment Needs in Children with Down Syndrome in Surabaya
Keywords:Down Syndrome, dental and oral care needs, quality of life
Objective: Aims of this study was to observe dental and oral care treatment needs of Down Syndrome
children who are members of the Parents’ Association of Children with Down Syndrome (POTADS) in
Surabaya. Material and Methods: This study used secondary data from dental and oral examination
records of total sample 34 Down Syndrome children aged 5-17 years who attended community service
program “SPECIAL CHILDREN DENTAL VISIT -1” from August to October 2017. Results: Only few
samples showed good oral hygiene though most of them brushed their teeth twice a day which likely related
to physical and mental limitations. Most samples had cariogenic dietary habits with def-t/DMF-T score
were below 10. Malocclusion founded can be worsen by oral bad habits which has existed in most samples.
Conclusion: From this study it can be concluded that the most indicative treatment for Down Syndrome
children are restorations and extractions.Good collaboration between parents and caregivers is needed to
prevent more severe oral health problems which need more complex dental treatment. Children with Down
Syndrome are entitled to the opportunity to develop and get special services, including in terms of oral
health. With good oral health, the quality of life of Down Syndrome children can improve.
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