Hypertension in Indonesia in 2018: An Ecological Analysis

Authors

  • Azizah Andzar Ridwanah
  • Hario Megatsari
  • Agung Dwi Laksono

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.37506/ijfmt.v15i2.14669

Keywords:

hypertension, ecological analysis, physical activity, healthy behavior.

Abstract

Hypertension is a degenerative disease that is often found in conjunction with other degenerative diseases.
The study was aimed at analyzing ecologically the factors related to the prevalence of hypertension in
Indonesia. The study was conducted using secondary data from the 2018 Indonesia Basic Health Survey.
All provinces were taken as samples. Apart from the prevalence of hypertension, 4 other variables analyzed
as independent variables were the prevalence of obesity, the percentage of the population with less physical
activity, the percentage of daily smokers, and the percentage of the population with salty food consumption
habits ? 1 per day. Data were analyzed using a scatter plot. The results of the study found that the higher
the prevalence of obesity in a province, the higher the prevalence of hypertension in that province. The
higher the percentage of the population with less physical activity in a province, the higher the prevalence
of hypertension in that province. The higher the percentage of daily smokers in a province, the higher the
prevalence of hypertension in that province. The higher the percentage of the population with salty food
consumption habits ? 1 per day, the higher the prevalence of hypertension in that province. It was concluded
that the four independent variables analyzed ecologically were positively related to the prevalence of
hypertension in Indonesia.

Author Biographies

Azizah Andzar Ridwanah

Officer, Health Office of East Java Province, Surabaya, Indonesia

Hario Megatsari

Lecturer, Faculty of Public Health,
Universitas Airlangga, Surabaya, Indonesia

Agung Dwi Laksono

Researcher, National Institute of Health Research and Development,
the Indonesia Ministry of Health, Jakarta, Indonesia

Published

2021-03-24

How to Cite

Azizah Andzar Ridwanah, Hario Megatsari, & Agung Dwi Laksono. (2021). Hypertension in Indonesia in 2018: An Ecological Analysis. Indian Journal of Forensic Medicine & Toxicology, 15(2), 2073-2079. https://doi.org/10.37506/ijfmt.v15i2.14669