How do the Government and More than 1.3 Billion People Stand Against the COVID-19 Pandemic in the World’s Largest Democratic Country? A Comprehensive Reflection from India, in a Public Health Perspective
Keywords:COVID-19, Public Health, Prevalence, Containment, India
Background- Coronavirus disease (COVID-19), which is caused by deadly novel corona virus has devastated
the world causing a morbidity rate of more than 64 million and mortality rate of 1.5 million. India, being a
Lower Middle-Income Country (LMIC) with a GNI per capita of nearly $2000, has proactively instituted
various containment strategies. India has witnessed the effectiveness of primary prevention strategies in
fighting various health problems in the years gone. The most worrying factor was about community spread
of the pandemic, which would cause the spread of illness uncontrollable. Economic analysts had forecasted
if appropriate strategy on containment of coronavirus is not initiated, the country would regress back to 20
years, in terms of economy and healthcare. This scoping review throws light into the efficacious preventive
strategies adopted by India to fight COVID-19 pandemic and attempting to reduce mortality and morbidity
rate, to flatten the illness curve.
Methods- We used a wide range of scientific database and news reports to conduct an extensive review on
India’s fight against COVID-19. Articles which has been published from January to November 2020 were
reviewed and pooled the data to write this review.
Conclusion- Containment strategies are the key for prevention of any contagious illness. COVID-19 being
highly contagious, and infecting millions of populations, is successfully being controlled in India to reduce
the cases. The Case Fatality Ratio (CFR) of COVID-19 is very low in India, compared to other countries.
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