Stress among Nurses Working in the Provincial Hospital of Kenitra, Morocco: a Job Demand-Control-Support Survey

Authors

  • Chakhtoura Khalid
  • Aboussaleh Youssef
  • AZZAOUI Fatima Zahra
  • Chaib Yassine
  • Elanssari Anas
  • Hamama Samir
  • Ahami O.T. Ahmed

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.37506/ijfmt.v15i2.14693

Keywords:

Stress, Karasek, JDCS, Nurses, Hospital, Kenitra, Strain

Abstract

The nursing stress literature points to an overwhelming culture of accepting and expecting stress at work,
ironically linked to controlling the workplace to effectively and actively manage stress. According to the Karasek
Job Demand Control Support (JDCS) model, stress-causing factors have been extensively studied in nursing-related
workplaces, especially in critical and emergency situations. However, little is known about the impact of workplace
stress on the cognitive functions of caregivers.
Method: A survey was carried out using the JDCS model among 96 nurses working in different departments of
the provincial hospital in Kenitra (emergencies, surgical operating units, pediatrics…). Specific questions explored
variables such as gender, length of service in the system, level of qualification and work experience.
Results: A high level of job strain was highlighted with a gender effect. Women Nurses are more stressed than men.
According to the study, age over 40 was a key factor in high work stress, also for the work schedule; nurses adopting
the 12/36 system were located in the high stress quadrant. Both of these factors can be predictors of poor mental health.
Strategies to improve the personal and professional performance of nurses to cope with daily stressors in different
hospital departments are needed.

Author Biographies

Chakhtoura Khalid

PhD student

Aboussaleh Youssef

Pr., Nutrition and Health Laboratory, Biology Department; Faculty of Sciences, Ibn Tofail
University, Kenitra- Morocco

AZZAOUI Fatima Zahra

Pr., Nutrition and Health Laboratory, Biology Department; Faculty of Sciences, Ibn Tofail University, Kenitra- Morocco

Chaib Yassine

PhD Student, PhD, Genetics and Biometrics Laboratory; Department of Biology,
Faculty of Sciences, Ibn Tofail University, Kenitra, Morocco

Elanssari Anas

PhD Student, PhD, Genetics and Biometrics Laboratory; Department of Biology,
Faculty of Sciences, Ibn Tofail University, Kenitra, Morocco

Hamama Samir

Head of the Medical Affairs Departement at the
Hospital ELIDRISSI-Kenitra- Morocco

Ahami O.T. Ahmed

Pr., Nutrition and Health Laboratory, Biology Department; Faculty of Sciences, Ibn Tofail
University, Kenitra- Morocco

Published

2021-03-24

How to Cite

Chakhtoura Khalid, Aboussaleh Youssef, AZZAOUI Fatima Zahra, Chaib Yassine, Elanssari Anas, Hamama Samir, & Ahami O.T. Ahmed. (2021). Stress among Nurses Working in the Provincial Hospital of Kenitra, Morocco: a Job Demand-Control-Support Survey. Indian Journal of Forensic Medicine & Toxicology, 15(2), 2152-2160. https://doi.org/10.37506/ijfmt.v15i2.14693