Ergonomic Workstation Design for Fish Smoking Workers in the Coastal Area of Surabaya
Keywords:design, ergonomic workstation, fish smoking workers
Introduction: Workstation design should be made adjusting the workers’ anthropometry to not put additional
burden on the worker’s body. Fish smoking workers in the coastal area of Surabaya work sitting on a chair
as high as their heels which cause them working with unnatural postures. This study aimed to determine
ergonomic workstation design for fish smoking workers in the coastal area of Surabaya.
Methods: Respondents were the total population consisting of 12 male and 18 female workers. The worker’s
body was measured in a sitting position using a measuring tape. Dimensions measured included the reach of
the thumb as measured from the back, elbow height when seated, calf height, hip width, buttock-popliteal
length, and sitting height. Each dimension was calculated on the 5th and 95th percentiles to determine the
size of the ergonomic workstation.
Result: Workstations were made with an adjustable concept. The size of the ergonomic workstation design
for male workers includes table width 71.93-77.57 cm, table height 51.81-55.86 cm, chair height 28.64-
32.03 cm, chair width 38.66-41.84 cm, chair length 43.24-50.10 cm, and chairback height 89.21-95.46 cm.
In addition, for female workers, the size of the ergonomic workstation design includes table width 60.55-
68.00 cm, table height 39.21-43.57 cm, chair height 23.64-27.47 cm, chair width 29.13-34.54 cm, chair
length 35.80-39.87 cm, and chairback height 74.28-79.72 cm.
Conclusion: It is necessary to make improvements to workstation of fish smoking workers in the coastal
area of Surabaya, as an attempt to make it ergonomic.
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