Immunotherapy Duration and Risk of Psychosocial Emotion and Risk of Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder Prevalence and Relation in Allergic Rhinitis Children

Authors

  • Dinda Anes Tunjungsari
  • Anang Endaryanto
  • Ahmad Suryawan
  • Ariyanto Harsono
  • Zahrah Hikmah
  • Azwin Mengindra Putera

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.37506/ijfmt.v15i2.14707

Keywords:

allergic rhinitis,children, immunotherapy duration, PSC-17, ACRS.

Abstract

Background: Allergic rhinitis (AR) is the most common chronic disease in children. Allergic symptoms
affect daily activities and increase risk of psychosocial emotion and attention deficit hyperactivity disorder
(ADHD). Immunotherapy has been proven in improving AR symptoms
Objective: To identify prevalence of the risk of psychosocial emotion disorder and ADHD and its relation
with immunotherapy duration in AR children.
Methods: A cross-sectional study was held in AR children aged 4-18 years at Allergy Immunology Outpatient
Clinic, Dr. Soetomo Hospital, during March 2017. Immunotherapy duration categorized into 0-6 months, 6
months-1 year, 1-2 years, 2-3 years. Psychosocial emotion disorder risk assessed using Pediatric Symptoms
Checklist 17 (PSC-17), scored into four different subscales: Internalizing, Externalizing, Attention, and
Total Score. ADHD risk was assessed using Abbreviated Conner’s Rating Scale (ACRS). Statistical analysis
using One-Way ANOVA and Eta test, with a value of p< 0.05 considered as significant.
Results: Total of 37 children included. Based on immunotherapy duration 0-6 months, 6 months-1 year, 1-2
years, and 2-3 years, prevalence risk of ADHD are 20.6%, 15.4%, 12.5%, and 12.5%, and prevalence of
psychosocial emotion disorder risk are only in immunotherapy duration 6 months-1 year 12.5%. There were
no correlation between immunotherapy duration with risk of psychosocial emotion disorder (p = 0.945) and
significantly correlated to ADHD (p = 0.049, r = 0.326).
Conclusion: Prevalence risk of ADHD decrease as the immunotherapy duration increase and immunotherapy
duration weakly correlated with risk of ADHD.

Author Biographies

Dinda Anes Tunjungsari

Resident in Department of Child Health, Faculty of Medicine, Universitas Airlangga/ Dr. Soetomo General
Hospital, Surabaya, Indonesia

Anang Endaryanto

Lecturer and Consultant in Allergy Immunology Division Department of Child
Health, Faculty of Medicine, Universitas Airlangga/ Dr. Soetomo General Hospital, Surabaya, Indonesia

Ahmad Suryawan

Lecturer and Consultant in Growth and Development Division Department of Child Health, Faculty of Medicine,
Universitas Airlangga/ Dr. Soetomo General Hospital, Surabaya, Indonesia

Ariyanto Harsono

Lecturer and Consultant in Allergy Immunology Division Department of Child
Health, Faculty of Medicine, Universitas Airlangga/ Dr. Soetomo General Hospital, Surabaya, Indonesia

Zahrah Hikmah

Lecturer and Consultant in Allergy Immunology Division Department of Child
Health, Faculty of Medicine, Universitas Airlangga/ Dr. Soetomo General Hospital, Surabaya, Indonesia

Azwin Mengindra Putera

Lecturer and Consultant in Allergy Immunology Division Department of Child
Health, Faculty of Medicine, Universitas Airlangga/ Dr. Soetomo General Hospital, Surabaya, Indonesia

Published

2021-03-24

How to Cite

Dinda Anes Tunjungsari, Anang Endaryanto, Ahmad Suryawan, Ariyanto Harsono, Zahrah Hikmah, & Azwin Mengindra Putera. (2021). Immunotherapy Duration and Risk of Psychosocial Emotion and Risk of Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder Prevalence and Relation in Allergic Rhinitis Children. Indian Journal of Forensic Medicine & Toxicology, 15(2), 2252-2260. https://doi.org/10.37506/ijfmt.v15i2.14707

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