Environmental Factors and Leprosy in Mother and Child: A Study in Endemic Areas in East Java, Indonesia

Authors

  • Flora Ramona Sigit Prakoeswa
  • Hardyanto Soebono
  • Dominicus Husada
  • Hari Basuki Notobroto
  • Muhammad Yulianto Listiawan
  • Anang Endaryanto
  • Cita Rosita Sigit Prakoeswa

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.37506/ijfmt.v15i2.14726

Keywords:

Environmental factors, Leprosy, Mother and children, Endemic

Abstract

Background: Leprosy is a chronic infection caused by Mycobacterium leprae. In endemic locations,
children become vulnerable as a result of being continuously exposed to foci of active transmission from a
very young age, especially from their mothers. This study aims to find association between environmental
risk factors and leprosy in mothers and children in endemic areas.
Methods: This study is a case-control study in endemic areas in Tuban Regency, East Java Province,
Indonesia. Retrieval of data was done using structured questionnaire and direct measurement. Chi-square
was used to assess the association between environmental factors and leprosy in mothers and children groups.
Results: 22 pairs of cases and 57 pairs of controls were examined. It is found that access to clean water
is associated with leprosy in mothers in endemic areas (p value = 0.047, OR 3.080, CI 95% 2.232-4.251).
Environmental factors are not associated with pediatric leprosy in endemic areas.
Conclusion: The results of our study show that environmental factors are not associated with pediatric
leprosy in endemic areas. Access to clean water is associated with leprosy in mothers in endemic areas.

Author Biographies

Flora Ramona Sigit Prakoeswa

Doctoral Program, Faculty of Medicine, Airlangga University, Indonesia, Department of Dermatology and
Venereology, Faculty of Medicine, Universitas Muhammadiyah Surakarta, Indonesia

Hardyanto Soebono

Professor, Department
of Dermatology and Venereology, Faculty of Medicine, Public Health and Nursing, Gadjah Mada University,
Indonesia

Dominicus Husada

Associate Professor, Department of Pediatric, Faculty of Medicine, Airlangga University / Dr. Soetomo
General Academic Hospital, Surabaya, Indonesia

Hari Basuki Notobroto

Associate Professor, Faculty of Public Health, Airlangga
University, Indonesia

Muhammad Yulianto Listiawan

Associate Professor

Anang Endaryanto

Associate Professor, Department of Pediatric, Faculty of Medicine, Airlangga University / Dr. Soetomo
General Academic Hospital, Surabaya, Indonesia

Cita Rosita Sigit Prakoeswa

Professor, Department of Dermatology and Venereology, Faculty of
Medicine, Airlangga University / Dr. Soetomo General Academic Hospital, Surabaya, Indonesia

Published

2021-03-24

How to Cite

Flora Ramona Sigit Prakoeswa, Hardyanto Soebono, Dominicus Husada, Hari Basuki Notobroto, Muhammad Yulianto Listiawan, Anang Endaryanto, & Cita Rosita Sigit Prakoeswa. (2021). Environmental Factors and Leprosy in Mother and Child: A Study in Endemic Areas in East Java, Indonesia . Indian Journal of Forensic Medicine & Toxicology, 15(2), 2365-2373. https://doi.org/10.37506/ijfmt.v15i2.14726

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