Potential Effect of Djambal Catfish (Pangasius djambal) Gelatin as Biomaterial Product on Healing Socket after Tooth Extraction in Rats

Authors

  • Fredy Mardiyantoro
  • Nenny Prasetyaningrum
  • Miftakhul Cahyati
  • Zefry Zainal Abidin
  • Norifumi Nakamura

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.37506/ijfmt.v15i2.14728

Keywords:

gelatin, Djambal catfish, Pangasius djambal, wound healing, tooth extraction

Abstract

Purpose: Adequate wound healing after a tooth extraction is significant because the oral cavity has a
masticatory function and plays a role in nutrient intake. Various scientific studies have been conducted to
find the ideal biomaterial to support wound healing. This study aims to determine the wound healing activity
using Djambal Catfish (Pangasius djambal) gelatin after tooth extraction.
Method: Gelatin was obtained from Djambal Catfish (Pangasius djambal). The sample was selected by
random sampling, divided into 6 groups, namely the control group on the 3rd day (n=6), the control group
on the 5th day (n=6), the control group on the 7th day (n=6), the treatment group on the 3rd day (n=6), the
treatment group on the 5th day (n=6), and the treatment on the 7th day (n=6). Wound healing was examined
by evaluating wound healing marker such as macrophages, fibroblasts, epithelialization, angiogenesis, and
collagen. Data were processed using statistical analysis.
Results: The treatments had a positive result in wound healing as compared with the control groups.
Histological assessment showed a remarkable sign of an increased number of macrophage, fibroblast,
epithelialization, and collagen deposition.
Conclusion: Gelatin derived from Djambal Catfish (Pangasius djambal) can accelerate the wound healing
process thus could be a component therapeutic potential product that may be beneficial in wound healing in
the future.

Author Biographies

Fredy Mardiyantoro

Assistant Professor, Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Faculty of Dentistry, Brawijaya University,
Indonesia

Nenny Prasetyaningrum

Assistant Professor, Department of Oral Biology, Faculty of Dentistry, Brawijaya University,
Indonesia

Miftakhul Cahyati

Assistant Professor, Department of Oral Medicine, Faculty of Dentistry, Brawijaya University,
Indonesia

Zefry Zainal Abidin

Assistant Professor, Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Faculty of Dentistry, Brawijaya University,
Indonesia

Norifumi Nakamura

Professor and Head, Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Field of Oral and Maxillofacial
Rehabilitation, Graduate School of Medical and Dental Sciences, Kagoshima University, Japan

Published

2021-03-24

How to Cite

Fredy Mardiyantoro, Nenny Prasetyaningrum, Miftakhul Cahyati, Zefry Zainal Abidin, & Norifumi Nakamura. (2021). Potential Effect of Djambal Catfish (Pangasius djambal) Gelatin as Biomaterial Product on Healing Socket after Tooth Extraction in Rats. Indian Journal of Forensic Medicine & Toxicology, 15(2), 2379-2387. https://doi.org/10.37506/ijfmt.v15i2.14728