An Physiological Enzymatic Study for Atherosclerosis Patients in the City of Fallujah
Keywords:Atherosclerosis, physiological study, Enzymatic study, Cholesterol, Triglyceride, LDL-C, HDL-C, VLDL, GPT, GOT, ALK, and Albumin.
Atherosclerosis is a syndrome that affects arterial blood vessels. Arteriosclerosis thickens the walls of
blood vessels as a result of accumulation of macrophages and white blood cells, and fat accumulation is
more pronounced over time. Blood pressure, smoking, obesity, lifestyle, sugar and age are risk factors.
Atherosclerosis. The symptoms and signs of atherosclerosis differ depending on the arteries affected by
This study was conducted in the Pharma lab in the city of Fallujah and samples were collected from the
Fallujah General Hospital. 50 samples were collected, 30 of which were patients with atherosclerosis and the
remaining 20 samples were for healthy people. The samples included both males and females between the
ages of 30 to 78 years. A questionnaire was used to collect some information from patients and corrections
that included (gender, age, blood pressure, smoking, Weight and blood sugar) and some tests were performed
(Cholesterol , TG, HDL, LDL, VLDL, GOT, GPT, ALP, Albumin). The results showed a significant
increase in concentrations of Chol, TG, LDL, VLDL, GOT, GPT, ALP) in patients with atherosclerosis
and a significant decrease in concentrations of both HDL and ALB in patients with atherosclerosis at the
probability level (P ? 0.05). The results also showed that males are more susceptible to arteriosclerosis than
Females, and also showed that the greater the age, the greater the risk factors for atherosclerosis. The more
risk factors for atherosclerosis increase with increasing body mass. As for smoking, the results indicated that
it has an effect on atherosclerosis, as people who smoke have increased risk factors for atherosclerosis, and
disease risk factors increase with increased blood pressure and sugar.
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