Maternal Risk Factors in Women With Breast Cancer in AlNajaf Province


  • Hanan Noor Mohammad
  • Ali A. Al-Fahham



Breast Cancer, Maternal Risk Factor , Women


Recently, breast cancer has been considered as an increasing problem specially in Iraq . This study was
designed to investigate maternal risk factors of breast cancer in Al-Najaf Province . A Convenience sample
of (40) patients was taken in this study during the period from Dec. .2019 to Apr. 2020 . The result of the
present study shows that the majority of the women were between the age (30-40) years show the breast
cancer increase in this age group. The results of the current study also showed that the vast majority at the
women were married. The current study also showed that about (27.5%) and (22%) at the studied women are
suffering from hypertension and diabetes mellitus respectively. The present study reveal that about (32.5)of
the women did not practice breast feeding ,(42.5) of them less than 2 years breast feeding. The present study
revealed that about 60%of the women didn’t exposed to passive smoking and 40% of the women exposed
to passive smoking , other study explain the second hand smoke have been suggested to increase the risk
of breast cancer. The present study indicated that approximately all investigated women (39of 40)have no
medical history of ovarian polycystic disease . It was concluded that the most contributing risk factors in the
occurrence Education, BMI , contraceptive use ,passive smoking and age. It is recommended to establish
an education program to enhance the awareness of women about the risk factors that have been recorded in
this study .

Author Biographies

Hanan Noor Mohammad

Research Scholar ; Department of Nursing / Al-toosi College

Ali A. Al-Fahham

Asst. Professor, Basic Science Department/ Faculty
of Nursing/ University of Kufa , Iraq



How to Cite

Hanan Noor Mohammad, & Ali A. Al-Fahham. (2021). Maternal Risk Factors in Women With Breast Cancer in AlNajaf Province. Indian Journal of Forensic Medicine & Toxicology, 15(2), 2458-2463.