Risk factors for prostate cancer in Kohgiluyeh and BoyerAhmad provinces, Iran
Keywords:Prostate cancer, risk factor, Kohgiluyeh and Boyer-Ahmad provinces
Background: Prostate cancer is the most common malignant cancer and the second most common cancer
in men worldwide. It is the second leading cause of death after lung cancer in men. This study performed to
determine the risk factors for prostate cancer in Kohgiluyeh and Boyer-Ahmad provinces.
Method: The present study was a retrospective and case-control study in which 80 prostate cancer patients
and 140 controls matched in Kohgiluyeh and Boyer-Ahmad provinces. Data collected using a questionnaire
and interviewed by the researcher. To analyze the data, Chi-square and logistic regression tests with odds
ratio with 95% confidence conducted using SPSS v.22 software.
Results: The results showed that in the univariate conditional logistics analysis, The highest odds ratio
for prostate cancer related to red meat consumption 2-4 times a week (95% CI: 2.60 – 26.40) was 20.74
and The smallest odds ratio was related to continuous physical activity 0.34 ( 95% CI: 0.19 – 0.61). In
the multivariate conditional logistic regression model, after removing the confounding variables, it was
observed that the history of pelvic imaging, red meat consumption 2-4 times a week, fast food consumption
and processed meat consumption 2-4 times a week, Family history of prostate cancer, history of urogenital
infections were identified as the most effective factors in prostate cancer.
Conclusion: Family history of prostate cancer, history of urinary tract infection, history of smoking, history
of pelvic imaging, consumption of red meat, consumption of fast food and processed meats were the most
important predictors of prostate cancer in this study. It can be considered by educational and health planners
to prevent this cancer and take appropriate intervention measures.
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