Autopsy Death Profile Due to Railway Injury in Mangalore, A Coastal City of South Karnataka- A Retrospective Analysis

Authors

  • Ibrahim Jibril
  • B Suresh Kumar Shetty
  • Pavanchand Shetty
  • Jagadish Rao Padubidri
  • Haneil Larson D’souza
  • Eshetu Sileshi
  • Miressa Belay

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.37506/ijfmt.v15i2.14757

Keywords:

Railway related death; Pattern of railway deaths; Accidental deaths.

Abstract

Background: Accident deaths is one of the most common types of deaths in India. In India railway related
deaths are reported throughout the year. Fatal trains impacts cause extensive musculoskeletal injuries due to
the nature of the object as well as the amount of force transmitted during impacts. The purpose of all accident
investigation to take a positive step in correction of causation and to prevent such incidents in the future.
Objective: The aim of this study is to assess and learn demographic details, characteristics of the incident in
fatal train crashes and recognize the injury profile.
Methods: This is a retrospective autopsy based study. We considered 59 cases of railway track related
deaths in three years (2016-2018) conducted at Tertiary Care Hospital, mortuary, Mangalore and analyzed
them statistically.
Results: The study showed most of the victims were men between 30-40 years of age. Most victims of
incidents were pedestrians (72.9%,). The circumstance of incident in the majority was while walking on side
of railway track (39%). The highest number of fatalities 42.4 % were observed between 6 Am to 12 pm.
Analysis as to cause of death in accidental circumstances revealed that multiple injuries (35.9%) followed
by blunt trauma of head (33.3%) and in suicidal circumstances, death due to blunt trauma to head (40%) and
decapitation (40%) were the most prevalent.
Limitations: The study needs to be done for longer duration and more detailed parameters in the railway
track accidents.
Conclusion: The study established that majority of railway related deaths are accidental. and there is a
requirement of awareness and implementing strict traffic laws to strengthen their safety for such preventable
deaths especially among the commuters of train and among the pedestrians using railway level crossings

Author Biographies

Ibrahim Jibril

Post graduate Resident, St Paul’s Hospital Millennium Medical College, Forensic Medicine and Toxiclogy,
Ethiopia

B Suresh Kumar Shetty

Professor and State Medico legal Consultant, Forensic Medicine and Toxicology, Kasturba Medical
College, Mangalore, Manipal Academy of Higher Education, Manipal, Karnataka, India

Pavanchand Shetty

Associate Professor
and District Medico legal Consultant, Forensic Medicine and Toxicology, Kasturba Medical College, Mangalore,
Manipal Academy of Higher Education, Manipal, Karnataka, India

Jagadish Rao Padubidri

Associate Professor
and District Medico legal Consultant, Forensic Medicine and Toxicology, Kasturba Medical College, Mangalore,
Manipal Academy of Higher Education, Manipal, Karnataka, India

Haneil Larson D’souza

Associate Professor
and District Medico legal Consultant, Forensic Medicine and Toxicology, Kasturba Medical College, Mangalore,
Manipal Academy of Higher Education, Manipal, Karnataka, India

Eshetu Sileshi

Post graduate Resident, St Paul’s Hospital Millennium Medical College, Forensic Medicine and Toxiclogy,
Ethiopia

Miressa Belay

Post graduate Resident, St Paul’s Hospital Millennium Medical College, Forensic Medicine and Toxiclogy,
Ethiopia

Published

2021-03-24

How to Cite

Ibrahim Jibril, B Suresh Kumar Shetty, Pavanchand Shetty, Jagadish Rao Padubidri, Haneil Larson D’souza, Eshetu Sileshi, & Miressa Belay. (2021). Autopsy Death Profile Due to Railway Injury in Mangalore, A Coastal City of South Karnataka- A Retrospective Analysis. Indian Journal of Forensic Medicine & Toxicology, 15(2), 2551-2557. https://doi.org/10.37506/ijfmt.v15i2.14757

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