Autopsy Death Profile Due to Railway Injury in Mangalore, A Coastal City of South Karnataka- A Retrospective Analysis
Keywords:Railway related death; Pattern of railway deaths; Accidental deaths.
Background: Accident deaths is one of the most common types of deaths in India. In India railway related
deaths are reported throughout the year. Fatal trains impacts cause extensive musculoskeletal injuries due to
the nature of the object as well as the amount of force transmitted during impacts. The purpose of all accident
investigation to take a positive step in correction of causation and to prevent such incidents in the future.
Objective: The aim of this study is to assess and learn demographic details, characteristics of the incident in
fatal train crashes and recognize the injury profile.
Methods: This is a retrospective autopsy based study. We considered 59 cases of railway track related
deaths in three years (2016-2018) conducted at Tertiary Care Hospital, mortuary, Mangalore and analyzed
Results: The study showed most of the victims were men between 30-40 years of age. Most victims of
incidents were pedestrians (72.9%,). The circumstance of incident in the majority was while walking on side
of railway track (39%). The highest number of fatalities 42.4 % were observed between 6 Am to 12 pm.
Analysis as to cause of death in accidental circumstances revealed that multiple injuries (35.9%) followed
by blunt trauma of head (33.3%) and in suicidal circumstances, death due to blunt trauma to head (40%) and
decapitation (40%) were the most prevalent.
Limitations: The study needs to be done for longer duration and more detailed parameters in the railway
Conclusion: The study established that majority of railway related deaths are accidental. and there is a
requirement of awareness and implementing strict traffic laws to strengthen their safety for such preventable
deaths especially among the commuters of train and among the pedestrians using railway level crossings
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