A Comparative Study to Evaluate the Effect of Blood Flow Restriction Therapy and Retro Walking on Pain, Strength of Muscles and WOMAC Score in Patients of Osteoarthritis of Knee
Keywords:Knee osteoarthritis, Blood Flow Restriction Therapy, Retro walking, WOMAC score
Background - Osteoarthritis of knee being of the major causes for disability in older population. Due to
sedentary lifestyle this disease is becoming common in younger population as well. As prevalence of the
disease is increasing it is a need of the hour to come up with a highly reliable exercise protocol which will be
beneficial for the patients. This research aims to establish a beneficial and reliable exercise protocol which
can be well tolerated by the patients suffering from osteoarthritis of knee.
Methods – 150 subjects will be selected. Randomly they will be assigned to two groups that is Group A and
Group B using chit method. Group A will receive Blood Flow Restriction Training and Group B will receive
retro walking training. Training will continue for 15 days. After 15 days patient will be reassessed for pain,
strength and WOMAC score.
Result – Studies have proved that Blood Flow Restriction Therapy and retro walking both the intervention
are beneficial in patients of osteoarthritis to reduce pain, improve strength and WOMAC score. This study
will provide us an intervention which is beneficial in treating osteoarthritis and is well tolerated by the
patients. We may get a result where blood flow restriction would have a better impact on few outcome
measures while retro walking may fetch better impact on other outcome measures. We may also conclude
that combination of both the interventions is a better option for the treatment of osteoarthritis patients.
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