Environmental Conditions and Sincerity affects Cortisol and ?-Endorphins Plasma Levels in Young Healthy Subjects Undergoing Dawood’s Fast
Keywords:Modified alternate day fasting (MADF); Dawood’s fasting; atherosclerosis; cortisol; ?-endorphin
Background: Prevention of Coronary Heart Disease by identifying risk factors facilitates the planning of
prevention interventions. The prevalence of non-communicable disease (NCD) increases with one of the
risk factors for NCD being an unbalanced diet. Dawood’s fasting is one of the sunnah fastings that can be
done at any time except at times that are forbidden to fast. This fast is a combination model of TRF and ADF
(modified ADF = MADF).
Objective: To prove that MADF for six consecutive weeks can increase levels of the hormone ?-endorphins
and reduce levels of the hormone cortisol in peripheral blood circulation.
Materials and Methods: Quasi-experimental research with a comparative design of a non-equivalent
control group with a population of PP students. Hidayatullah Surabaya with the purposive sampling method
until the number of samples required was met as many as 34 people and divided into two groups, namely
control and MADF treatment for six consecutive weeks. Sampling was carried out at the pre-test, at the end
of the third week for the middle and at the post-test. All subjects in both groups received the same nutrition
twice a day for 42 days. The subject gets spiritual motivation from competent resource persons to give
spiritual spark twice.
Result: Dawood’s fasting (MADF) for six consecutive weeks did not cause significant differences compared
to control on cortisol and ?-endorphins (p> 0.05). However, Dawood’s fasting (MADF) for six consecutive
weeks decreased the mean values of cortisol levels due to the effect of fasting, although there was also a
significant difference in the control group. Meanwhile the ?-endorphins mean values was increased at the
middle of study, and then decreased at the end of the study, with a significant difference in the both group
before and after treatment.
Conclusion: There was no difference in cortisol and ?-endorphins levels in healthy young adult subjects
undergoing Dawood’s fast due to the influence of the same environmental conditions and a change in the
sincerity of the subjects.
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