Correlation of Age, Sex, and Symptoms to Number of Problematic Joints in Children with Idiopathic Juvenile Arthritis
Keywords:Juvenile Idiopathic Arthritis, Age, Sex, Symptoms
Background: Juvenile Idiopathic Arthritis (JIA) is a rare case in Asia, including Indonesia. Objective:
Analyze the correlation between age, sex, and symptoms on the number of joint problems in children with
JIA symptoms. Methods: This study used a retrospective design from January 2016 to December 2019.
The data collecting in this study was included age, sex, symptoms, and the number of joint problems. The
analysis used was multiple linear regression with p <0.05. Results: The correlation between sex (? = 0.015;
95% CI -0.002 – 0.002; p = 0.916), age (? = 0.015; 95% CI -0.197 – 0.291; p = 0.916) to the number of
joint problems was not significant. While, the correlation between symptoms and the number of joints with
problems was significant, which included swelling (? = 1.012; 95% CI 0.243 – 1.782; p = 0.011), fever
(? = 1.000; 95% CI 0.082 – 1.918; p = 0.034), and pain. (? = 0.931; 95% CI 0.082 – 1.918; p = 0.007).
Conclusion: There is a significant relationship between symptoms and the number of problem joints while
age and sex are not significant
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