Microbial Infections Associated with Diabetic Foot Ulcer in Nasiriyah City
Keywords:Diabetic foot, Microbial infection, Foot ulcer
Diabetic foot ulcers (DFUs) are a major complication of diabetes lead to development of gangrene associated
with reduced patient quality of life, lower-extremity amputation, hospitalization, and high morbidity and
mortality. This study was aimed to identify the pathogenic microorganisms in diabetic foot ulcers and to test
their antibiotic susceptibility. A total of 134 patients with diabetic foot ulcers (DFU) attending to Diabetic
center/ Thi-Qar province, South of Iraq were randomly selected. Samples were cultured for isolating bacteria
species and Fungi species. Antibiotic sensitivity testing for bacteria species was done by Kirby Bauer disc
diffusion method. Elderly diabetic males were frequently observed to develop foot ulcers higher than female.
The most of patients 56 (41.79%) were in the age group 51 to 60 years followed by the 36 (26.86%) patients
were in age group 41 to 50 years. Out of 162 isolates, bacteria species was 116 (71.6%) more than Fungi
species 46 (28.4%). The most isolated bacteria was Proteus mirabilis 25 (15.43%) followed by Enterobacter
cloacae 22 (13.58%) and both Escherichia coli and Staphylococcus epidermidis 17 (10.49%). Diabetic foot
infections are life-threatening. Many pathogens associated with diabetic foot ulcers.
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