Diet of Inflammatory Bowel Disease Patients, in Gastrointestinal and Liver Center, Baghdad, 2020
Keywords:: inflmmatory bowel disease ,Crohn’s disease ,Ucerative colitis ,diet
Introduction: Iinflammatory bowel disease (IBD) comprises a group of chronic immune disorders of unknown
etiology characterized by intestinal inflammation which subsequently leads to debilitating symptoms which
can adversely affect performance and quality of life. Crohn’s disease (CD) and ulcerative colitis (UC) are
the two most common phenotypes.
Patients and method: The cross-sectional study with the diagnosis of either Crohn’s disease or ulcerative
colitis. The data collection was carried out from 25 september to 10 november 2020. From gastroinestinal
tract and liver center ,Baghdad . Convienant sample are willing to participate. By questionnaire.Body
weight and hieght was measured. Body mass index (BMI) was calculated . Recorded intake of all food and
drinks during last 24 hours. By Excil caculation program , the enegy intake of one day was calculated by
mifflin-St.jeor method .The my pyramid plan for daily food and calories intake as recommended pattrern
. Statitcal analysis were performed using SPSS 23 . Data described as mean±standerd deviation (SD).Data
were checked for normal distribution using t -test or chi square .The level of significance in the study was
p < 0.05 .
Result: All the participants (55;100%) were low milk group servings intake( P<0.001), also( 74.5% ) of
participants were low fruit group servings intake (P<0.001) ,(92.7% ) 0f participants was low vegetables
group servings intake (P<0.001) , but ( 87.3% )Of participants were high grain group servings intake
(P<0.001) ,( 65.5% ) of participaints was low protein group servings (P=0.041) , the fat group serving
intake is low among (90.9%) of participants (P<0.001) , 52.7% of participants low energy intake. The mean
BMI for both genders was in the normal range (23.16 ± 5.33) as (49.1%) of participants , only 14.5 % was
underweight , 29.1% was overweight and 7.3% was obese. The participants live in aurban area as (89.1%) .
The ocupation of them were 25% housewife,student (23.6%),employers (16.4%) and the rest with different
occupations. The education of participants were primary school (36.4%) ,intermediate school(12.7%) ,
secondry school were (14.5%), graduated were (12.7%) and the rest in the different educations. Unbalnce
diet shows among 76.4% of participants .
Conclusions and Recommendations : all participant modified their diet,half of the participants had low
energy intake and some of the participants had underweight .Emphasized the importance for patients to be
provided with nutrition – related knowledge as a part of strategies to avoid nutritional inadeqancies
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