The Effect of Exercise on the Blood Pressure and Heart Rate in Obese and Patient with Hypertension: Case-Control-Study
Background: Obesity is considered in daily clinical practice as one of the main health problems widely
distributed over the world and it signifies a actual task to both community and individual health (1-3).
Furthermore, hypertension is main cause of ( ischemic heart disease) and cerebrovascular accidents.it has
been improved in literatures which established on long term follow up the importance of regular exercise for
treatment of obesity and hypertension though short term complications have established little consideration.
Aim of Study: to assess the effect of exercise on hemodynamic response in a patient sample with hypertension
and hypertensive obese patients.
Patients and Methods: A Selected patients from those visiting the outpatient of medicine at AL-Diwaniyah
Teaching Hospital and who suffer from primary hypertension and randomly distributed to two groups: obese
hypertensive and hypertensive without obesity . A third group who are non-hypertensive obesity patients
also randomly select from a group of patients who are visiting outpatient of medicine for viral diseases acute
self-limiting illness. A control group of seemingly healthy individuals involved doctors in the hospital and
a health staff.
Results: a highly significant of the mean systolic blood pressure of patient with hypertension and obese
hypertensive patients than of both the obese and control “groups [p< 0.05]. A highly significant mean
diastolic-blood pressure of patient with hypertension and obese hypertensive-patients than that of both the
obese and control groups [P < 0.05], highly significant mean-heart/rate of patients with hypertension and
obese patients with hypertension than that of both obese and control groups [P < 0.05]”. Also, after extreme
workout and 15 min. following rest there was significantly different in hemo-dynamic reaction after extreme
workout and 15 minutes following rest between groups.
Conclusion: After extreme workout and 15 minutes after rest a significant difference was found among the
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