A Retrospective Study to Assess the Risk Factors of Ventilator Associated Pneumonia (VAP) among Patients Undergone Mechanical Ventilator

Authors

  • Ojal Mridha
  • Pheba John
  • Madhura Nalawade
  • Seeta Devi

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.37506/ijfmt.v15i2.14859

Keywords:

retrospective study, risk factors, Ventilator Associated Pneumonia (VAP), Mechanical Ventilator.

Abstract

Background: Ventilator-Associated Pneumonia (VAP) is a hospital acquired pneumonia or it is a lower
respiratory tract infection which common occurs in patients who were kept on mechanical ventilation with
endotracheal tube or tracheotomy for more than 48 hrs.
Objective: The aim of this study is to assess the risk factors of ventilator associated pneumonia.
Methods and Materials: This is a retrospective study conducted in a specialized surgical care unit of 57
beds with 18 ICU beds; all patients who underwent the procedure of invasive mechanical ventilation for
more than 48 hours. These patients were divided into two groups, group A has developed the VAP and group
B has not developed the VAP. Some certain risk factors were assessed among the patients who developed
the VAP with help of records.
Results: Researchers have searched 100 patients’ data who were admitted and treated on mechanical
ventilation. The percentage of the length of stay in the ICU with VAP is 64% and the patients without VAP
is about 36%. The death rate was 54.2%, among VAP patients. About 53 % of the patients developed VAP
who had the previous hospitalization, 69 % of the patients developed VAP with previous history of steroid
treatment and 50 % of the VAP patients had undergone the surgical procedure and 84 % of VAP patients had
the endotracheal tube or tracheotomy
Conclusion: In this study the patients who had undergone the MV developed VAP significantly with
endotracheal tube or tracheotomy.

Author Biographies

Ojal Mridha

PBBSc Nursing Student

Pheba John

PBBSc Nursing Student

Madhura Nalawade

PBBSc Nursing Student

Seeta Devi

Assoc. Professor, Symbiosis College of Nursing (SCON), Symbiosis International
(Deemed University), Pune

Published

2021-03-24

How to Cite

Ojal Mridha, Pheba John, Madhura Nalawade, & Seeta Devi. (2021). A Retrospective Study to Assess the Risk Factors of Ventilator Associated Pneumonia (VAP) among Patients Undergone Mechanical Ventilator. Indian Journal of Forensic Medicine & Toxicology, 15(2), 3185-3188. https://doi.org/10.37506/ijfmt.v15i2.14859