Comparison of the Effect of Non-Surgical Periodontal Therapy on Periodontal Health Status and Glycemic Control between Diabetes Mellitus Type 1 and Type 2

Authors

  • Ousama Aziz Ibrahim
  • Haneen Ali Kadhim
  • Farah K. Aloraibi

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.37506/ijfmt.v15i2.14861

Keywords:

diabetes mellitus, glycosylated hemoglobin (HbA1c), non-surgical periodontal therapy , periodontitis.

Abstract

Objectives. This study aims to compare the results of non-surgical periodontal therapy on the periodontal
health status and glycemic control between diabetes mellitus type 1 (T1DM) and type 2 (T2DM).
Methods. A total of 24 adult patients participated in this study. Patients divided into two groups, 12 patients
are diagnosed with T1DM, and 12 diabetic patients with T2DM. After 3 months non-surgical periodontal
treatment, the following parameters were investigated at baseline: glycosylated hemoglobin (HbA1c), plaque
index (PI), bleeding on probing (BOP), gingival recession (GR), probing pocket depth (PPD), and clinical
attachment level (CAL). After baseline investigation, both groups received one stage full mouth scaling and
root planning, combined with systemic Doxycycline, statistical analysis was performed by Student T-test.
Results. By comparing between T1DM and T2DM at base line, and after 3 months non-surgical periodontal
therapy showed generally no significant differences with respect to periodontal parameters, while HbA1c
values were always significantly higher in T1DM. By comparing of each parameter before- and 3 months
after non-surgical periodontal therapy with relation to the type of diabetes mellitus showed reduction of
gingival inflammation (PI, BOP), but there are no significant differences of probing pocket depth in both
diabetic groups, glycemic control level HbA1c showed significant reduction only in diabetic patients Type 2.
Conclusion. Results of the present study showed that non-surgical periodontal therapy in both diabetes types
decreased gingival inflammation, no changes in periodontal pocket depth, but reduced glycemic control
significantly only on type 2 diabetes mellitus.

Author Biographies

Ousama Aziz Ibrahim

Prof. Head of Dentistry Department / Al-Manara College of Medical Sciences, Maysan, Iraq

Haneen Ali Kadhim

Student at Fifth
Academic Year/ Misan University/ Maysan, Iraq

Farah K. Aloraibi

Head Assistant of Dentistry Department/ Al-Manara College of
Medical Sciences, Maysan, Iraq

Published

2021-03-24

How to Cite

Ousama Aziz Ibrahim, Haneen Ali Kadhim, & Farah K. Aloraibi. (2021). Comparison of the Effect of Non-Surgical Periodontal Therapy on Periodontal Health Status and Glycemic Control between Diabetes Mellitus Type 1 and Type 2. Indian Journal of Forensic Medicine & Toxicology, 15(2), 3198-3204. https://doi.org/10.37506/ijfmt.v15i2.14861