Comparison of the Effect of Non-Surgical Periodontal Therapy on Periodontal Health Status and Glycemic Control between Diabetes Mellitus Type 1 and Type 2
Keywords:diabetes mellitus, glycosylated hemoglobin (HbA1c), non-surgical periodontal therapy , periodontitis.
Objectives. This study aims to compare the results of non-surgical periodontal therapy on the periodontal
health status and glycemic control between diabetes mellitus type 1 (T1DM) and type 2 (T2DM).
Methods. A total of 24 adult patients participated in this study. Patients divided into two groups, 12 patients
are diagnosed with T1DM, and 12 diabetic patients with T2DM. After 3 months non-surgical periodontal
treatment, the following parameters were investigated at baseline: glycosylated hemoglobin (HbA1c), plaque
index (PI), bleeding on probing (BOP), gingival recession (GR), probing pocket depth (PPD), and clinical
attachment level (CAL). After baseline investigation, both groups received one stage full mouth scaling and
root planning, combined with systemic Doxycycline, statistical analysis was performed by Student T-test.
Results. By comparing between T1DM and T2DM at base line, and after 3 months non-surgical periodontal
therapy showed generally no significant differences with respect to periodontal parameters, while HbA1c
values were always significantly higher in T1DM. By comparing of each parameter before- and 3 months
after non-surgical periodontal therapy with relation to the type of diabetes mellitus showed reduction of
gingival inflammation (PI, BOP), but there are no significant differences of probing pocket depth in both
diabetic groups, glycemic control level HbA1c showed significant reduction only in diabetic patients Type 2.
Conclusion. Results of the present study showed that non-surgical periodontal therapy in both diabetes types
decreased gingival inflammation, no changes in periodontal pocket depth, but reduced glycemic control
significantly only on type 2 diabetes mellitus.
How to Cite
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.
Re use and mixing of content policy- We follow Creative Commons Licence Policy. We follow CC BY. Please refer below for all details
This license lets others distribute, remix, adapt, and build upon our work, even commercially, as long as they credit us for the original creation.
- The journal allows readers to read, download, copy, distribute, print, search, or link to the full texts of its articles and allow readers to use them for any other lawful purpose.
- The journal allows the author(s) to hold the copyright without restrictions.
- The journal allows the author(s) to retain publishing rights without restrictions