Determinants of Loss to Follow-Up Among MDR-TB Patients

Authors

  • Riadnin Maharja
  • Wahiduddin
  • Apik Indarti Moedjiono
  • Andi Zulkifli
  • Nur Nasry Noor
  • Hasanuddin Ishak
  • Rizky Maharja

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.37506/ijfmt.v15i2.14885

Keywords:

Tuberculosis, loss to follow-up MDR-TB, knowledge, drug side effects, family support, social stigma

Abstract

Cases of tuberculosis has gotten worse since results of global surveillance revealed that mycobacterium is
resistant to rifampicin and isoniazid. It can cause Loss to Follow-Up among MDR-TB patients. The purpose
of this study is Determinants of Loss to Follow-Up among MDR-TB Patients. This research is an analytic
observational study with a case control study design with a retrospective approach. Cases were MDR-TB
patients who dropped out of treatment as much 27 people, while controls were subjects with MDR-TB
patients who did not Loss to Follow-Up of treatment as much 83 people. Data analysis was performed
by looking at the Odds Ratio value. The result showed that knowledge (OR = 5.28, 95% CI = 1.410347–
29.19908), drug side effect (OR = 32.324332, 95% CI = 4.732715–1353.07), family support (OR = 5.01875,
95% CI = 1.602489 – 15.57846), social stigma (OR = 6.712963, 95% CI = 1.473798–61.68985) were the
determinants of loss to follow up among MDR-TB patients. It can conclude that determinants of loss to
follow-up among MDR-TB patients include knowledge, drug side effects, family support, and social stigma.

Author Biographies

Riadnin Maharja

Master Student Program, Department of Epidemiology, Faculty of Public Health, Universitas Hasanuddin

Wahiduddin

Lecturer, Department of Epidemiology, Faculty of Public Health, Universitas Hasanuddin

Apik Indarti Moedjiono

Lecturer, Department
of Biostatistics, Faculty of Public Health, Universitas Hasanuddin

Andi Zulkifli

Lecturer, Department of Epidemiology, Faculty of Public Health, Universitas Hasanuddin

Nur Nasry Noor

Lecturer, Department of Epidemiology, Faculty of Public Health, Universitas Hasanuddin

Hasanuddin Ishak

Lecturer, Department of Environmental
Health, Faculty of Public Health, Universitas Hasanuddin

Rizky Maharja

Lecturer, Department of Industrial Hygiene,
Occupational Health and Safety, Akademi Hiperkes Makassar

Published

2021-03-24

How to Cite

Riadnin Maharja, Wahiduddin, Apik Indarti Moedjiono, Andi Zulkifli, Nur Nasry Noor, Hasanuddin Ishak, & Rizky Maharja. (2021). Determinants of Loss to Follow-Up Among MDR-TB Patients. Indian Journal of Forensic Medicine & Toxicology, 15(2), 3297-3302. https://doi.org/10.37506/ijfmt.v15i2.14885