Motivational Interviewing and Physical Activity on Quality of Life of Type 2 DM Patients in Makassar City
Keywords:Motivational interviewing, type 2 diabetes, quality of life, gymnastics
Objectives: This study aimed to see the effect of a combination of motivational interviewing and physical
activity programs on the quality of life of patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (type 2 DM).
Methods: The design of this study was a quasi-experimental with a non-randomized control group pretest
posttest design. The population was all patients with type 2 DM who were recorded in the medical records of
Public Health Centers. The sampling technique was exhaustive sampling with a sample size of 30 people in
the intervention group and 30 people in the control group. Using bivariate data analysis, the two dependent
mean difference test and two independent mean difference tests were used.
Results: Statistical analysis show that there are differences in the mean value of the four domains of
quality of life in the intervention group before and after treatment (p = 0.0001 for each domain of Physical
Health, Psychological Conditions, Social Relations, and Environmental Conditions); there is a difference
in the quality of life of type 2 DM patients between the intervention group and the control group with the
percentage of improving the quality of life in the good category in the intervention group after being given
treatment by 66.7% (p= 0.0001).
Conclusion: Providing a combination of counseling programs with a motivational interviewing approach
which is followed by gymnastics exercise is effective in improving the quality of life of type 2 DM patients.
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