Risk Analysis of Musculoskeletal Disorders (MSDs) Complaints on Batik Crafters Under The Assistance of Ademos Indonesia
Keywords:batik crafters, ergonomic, RULA, NBM, MSDs
Introduction: Batik is one of Indonesia’s original works of art that is continuously preserved in several
regions in Indonesia. Several people working as batik crafters in Bojonegoro, East Java, Indonesia are
under the assistance of Ademo. Based on the preliminary study conducted, most batik crafters had started
to complain of pain in several parts of their body, which was considered due to work postures and nonergonomic work stations. Thus, this study was conducted to analyze the risk of Musculoskeletal Disorders
using RULA and NBM.
Materials and Methods: It was an observational study with cross sectional design. Data collection was
conducted by conducted observation using RULA (Rapid Upper Limb Assessment), NBM (Nordic Body
Map) and interviews with batik crafters in home industry. The population in this study was 42 batik crafters
in a batik industry under the assistance of Ademos Bojonegoro. This study utilized total sampling technique
by which the whole population were taken as the sample.
Results: The results showed that 76.2% of batik crafters had a very high risk of MSDs on the right side of
the body and on the left side of the body; 50% of batik crafters had a high risk of MSDs; and 50% had a very
high risk of MSDs. The results of observations using NBM showed that 42.85% had a high risk of MSDs.
Conclusion: This study concludes that all the batik crafters are in an emergency circumstance experiencing
musculoskeletal disorders and need an ergonomic work station as soon as possible.
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