Maternal and Child Health in Underdeveloped Areas and State Borders
Keywords:Maternal and Child Health, underdeveloped and state border areas, family health.
Background: Mother and child are two vulnerable groups in the family. The health of families in
underdeveloped and border areas is still slowly progress. The high degree of maternal and child health in
each family in underdeveloped and border areas is a benchmark for a national’s public health.
Purpose: The study aims to explore the various factors that correlate with the health of mothers and children
in families who live in underveloped and state borders by using the perspective of supply and demand.
Methods: The research was conducted with observational analitic by survey in underdeveloped areas and
state border in 3 border districts in 9 sub-districts with 18 villages in Nusa Tenggara Province, Indonesia.
There were 396 families selected from the population by multistage random sampling.
Results: The results showed that pregnancy examinations or Antenatal Care services, delivery by health
personnel in health facilities; Immunization factors and family planning participation are indicators of
Maternal and Child Health, and home environmental factors, healthy lifestyle factors, infectious disease
factors, non-communicable diseases, socio-economic factors, and accessibility factors are some of the
factors related to MCH.
Conclussion: This study concluded that environmental health factors, healthy lifestyle and behavior,
infectious and non-communicable diseases, socio-economic, and accessibility factors are related to the
health of mothers and children in families living in underdeveloped areas and state borders and Antenatal
Care services, delivery by health personnel in health facilities; Immunization factors and family planning
participation were reflective indicators of Maternal and Child Health in families who live in underdeveloped
areas and state borders.
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