A Mini Review on Covid-19 Infection and Severe Outcome on Cancer Patient

Authors

  • Zaidi Zakaria
  • Sameer B. Al-Mhanna
  • Hafeez A. Afolabi
  • Oluwafunke T. Afolabi-Owolabi
  • Rashidat F. Elesho

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.37506/ijfmt.v15i2.14927

Keywords:

cancer patients, COVID-19 novel coronavirus, exercises.

Abstract

Introduction December 2019, the world witness a new strand of pathogen known as coronavirus-2 (SARSCoV-2), later recognized as the novel coronavirus disease (COVID-19). By April 1st 2020, the confirmed
cases were over 800,000 around the world with over 40,000 fatalities. Individuals with cancer are more
vulnerable to COVID-19 impact because of compromised health-status.
Methods A comprehensive search method was applied by searching the google scholar using the keywords
to select eligible studies to be included in the review
Results The findings showed that patients with cancer, especially thoracic malignancies that were
infected with COVID-19 infection during the hospital stay developed severe cardiorespiratory symptoms
that warranted use of a mechanical ventilator. The cancer patients with COVID-19 had increased rate
of hospitalization and a poor outcome as well as a higher risk of mortality when compared to healthy
individuals. It is recommended that cancer patients taking anti-tumour drugs should undergo early screening
for COVID-19 because the anti-tumour drugs also suppress the immune system. Hence, their dosage should
be regulated appropriately in case of COVID-19 co-infection.
Conclusion. In risk-mitigation pandemic scenario in COVID-19 period, efforts should be made not to
compromise the prognosis of cancer in these patients by adhering to treatment guideline.

Author Biographies

Zaidi Zakaria

Research Scholar, : Department of Exercise and Sport Science, Universiti Sains Malaysia, Health Campus, 16150,
Kubang Kerian, Kelantan, Malaysia

Sameer B. Al-Mhanna

Associate Professor, General Surgery Faculty; Universiti Sains Malaysia,
Health Campus, 16150, Kubang Kerian, Kelantan, Malaysia

Hafeez A. Afolabi

Researcher, General Surgery, Universiti Sains
Malaysia, Health Campus, 16150, Kubang Kerian, Kelantan, Malaysia

Oluwafunke T. Afolabi-Owolabi

Researcher and Lecturer, Department
of Food Science, Rufos Giwa Polytechnic, Owo, KM 46, Off Benin Expressway, Owo, PMB 1019, Ondo-State,
Nigeria

Rashidat F. Elesho

Researcher and Lecturer, Department of Pharmaceutics and Pharmaceutical Sciences, University of
Ilorin, Ilorin, No C2, Studiopedia, Off Ministry of Health, Fate Tanke Rd, behind Lgea Primary School, Ilorin,
Kwara-State, Nigeria

Published

2021-03-24

How to Cite

Zaidi Zakaria, Sameer B. Al-Mhanna, Hafeez A. Afolabi, Oluwafunke T. Afolabi-Owolabi, & Rashidat F. Elesho. (2021). A Mini Review on Covid-19 Infection and Severe Outcome on Cancer Patient. Indian Journal of Forensic Medicine & Toxicology, 15(2), 3563-3570. https://doi.org/10.37506/ijfmt.v15i2.14927

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