A Mini Review on Covid-19 Infection and Severe Outcome on Cancer Patient
Keywords:cancer patients, COVID-19 novel coronavirus, exercises.
Introduction December 2019, the world witness a new strand of pathogen known as coronavirus-2 (SARSCoV-2), later recognized as the novel coronavirus disease (COVID-19). By April 1st 2020, the confirmed
cases were over 800,000 around the world with over 40,000 fatalities. Individuals with cancer are more
vulnerable to COVID-19 impact because of compromised health-status.
Methods A comprehensive search method was applied by searching the google scholar using the keywords
to select eligible studies to be included in the review
Results The findings showed that patients with cancer, especially thoracic malignancies that were
infected with COVID-19 infection during the hospital stay developed severe cardiorespiratory symptoms
that warranted use of a mechanical ventilator. The cancer patients with COVID-19 had increased rate
of hospitalization and a poor outcome as well as a higher risk of mortality when compared to healthy
individuals. It is recommended that cancer patients taking anti-tumour drugs should undergo early screening
for COVID-19 because the anti-tumour drugs also suppress the immune system. Hence, their dosage should
be regulated appropriately in case of COVID-19 co-infection.
Conclusion. In risk-mitigation pandemic scenario in COVID-19 period, efforts should be made not to
compromise the prognosis of cancer in these patients by adhering to treatment guideline.
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