Etiologic Factors Influencing the Pattern of Mandibular Fractures – A Retrospective Study

Authors

  • Sthitaprajna Lenka
  • Dharmashree. S
  • Pratikshya Kothai
  • Santosh Kumar Subudhi
  • Subrat Padhiary
  • Karishma Rathore

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.37506/ijfmt.v15i2.14961

Keywords:

Mandibular fractures, etiology, retrospective study

Abstract

Objectives: Fractures involving the face, especially the mandible causes aesthetic disfigurement and hamper
masticatory function. Ever changing economic and population trends have caused a shift in the etiologic
factors responsible for mandibular fracture. This study records the epidemiology of the mandibular fractures
in Bhubaneshwar region of Odisha and to appreciate the importance of demographics and contribution of
individual etiological factors towards such injuries.
Methods: A retrospective study was conducted during between September 2013 to March 2017, in the
department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Institute of Dental Science. Patients admitted in the facility
for the treatment of mandibular fractures were included in the study. The data was collected from patient
records.
Results: Out of a total of 197 patients, 90% affected were males, with 42.6% aged between 20-29 years. The
most common cause was Road Traffic Accidents (RTAs)with 83% and para-symphysis fractures was seen
in 42.7%. Etiology was found to be influenced by gender using Chi-square (p < 0.05) and site of injury was
found to highly significant with respect to age.
Conclusion: Mandibular fractures were found to be associated with younger aged males and road traffic
accidents. This could be prevented with stringent and safer traffic regulations.

Author Biographies

Sthitaprajna Lenka

Professor, Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery

Dharmashree. S

Professor, Department of Public Health Dentistry

Pratikshya Kothai

Senior Lecturer, Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery

Santosh Kumar Subudhi

Professor, Department of Oral and Maxillofacial
Surgery

Subrat Padhiary

Professor, Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery

Karishma Rathore

Tutor, Department of Public Health
Dentistry, Institute of Dental Sciences, Siksha ‘O’ Anusandhan, (Deemed to be University), Bhubaneswar, Odisha,
India

Published

2021-03-24

How to Cite

Sthitaprajna Lenka, Dharmashree. S, Pratikshya Kothai, Santosh Kumar Subudhi, Subrat Padhiary, & Karishma Rathore. (2021). Etiologic Factors Influencing the Pattern of Mandibular Fractures – A Retrospective Study. Indian Journal of Forensic Medicine & Toxicology, 15(2), 3781-3787. https://doi.org/10.37506/ijfmt.v15i2.14961