Myrrh Oil Reduces Gingival Inflammation and Inhibits Gram Negative Dental Plaque Bacteria at Early Stages – A Randomized Control Trial

Authors

  • Bhagyashree Lenka
  • Rinkee Mohanty
  • Anurag Satpathy

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.37506/ijfmt.v15i2.14963

Keywords:

myrrh oil; essential oil; anti-inflammatory; antibacterial; gram staining

Abstract

Aim: To assess the anti-plaque, anti-inflammatory and antimicrobial efficacy of Myrrh oil as an adjunct
to scaling and root planing in the treatment of gingival inflammation. Materials and Methods: Subjects
with moderate to severe gingivitis were recruited for this parallel arm, double blind randomized controlled
trial. All subjects underwent SRP at baseline and were randomly divided into Group A (placebo control)
and Group B (Myrrh oil). Plaque index (PI), gingival index (GI) and microbiological analysis was carried
out at baseline, 48 hrs and 1week interval Results: Thirty subjects completed the study. Myrrh oil showed
anti-inflammatory and antibacterial efficacy. There were no statistically significant differences between
the groups with respect to plaque score at baseline (p=0.25), after 48 hours (p=0.16) and after 1 week
(p=0.37). There was a significantly lower gingival inflammation (p=0.02) recorded in the Myrrh oil group
after 48 hrs. A greater reduction in inflammation from baseline at 48hrs was observed, although there was
no statistically significant difference in gingival inflammation between the groups after1 week (p=0.39).
A significantly greater number of fields were observed with score 1 and lesser number of fields with 2 for
gram +ve (p<0.001) and gram –ve (p=0.002) bacteria in Myrrh Oil group indicating overall lesser gram
+ve and Gram –ve bacterial count in comparison to commercially available Myrrh oil. No adverse effects
were reported by any subject. Conclusion: Myrrh oil when used as an adjunct with scaling and root planning
significantly reduced the gingival inflammation in 48 hrs and gram-ve bacteria after 1 week.

Author Biographies

Bhagyashree Lenka

Post Graduate Student

Rinkee Mohanty

Professor and Head

Anurag Satpathy

Professor, Department of Periodontics and Oral Implantology,
Institute of Dental Sciences, Siksha ‘O’ Anusandhan (Deemed to be University), Bhubaneswar, Odisha

Published

2021-03-24

How to Cite

Bhagyashree Lenka, Rinkee Mohanty, & Anurag Satpathy. (2021). Myrrh Oil Reduces Gingival Inflammation and Inhibits Gram Negative Dental Plaque Bacteria at Early Stages – A Randomized Control Trial. Indian Journal of Forensic Medicine & Toxicology, 15(2), 3795-3804. https://doi.org/10.37506/ijfmt.v15i2.14963

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