Ridge Split Techniques: A Literature Review
Keywords:Alveolar bone, Horizontal ridge width, and Ridge split technique
Extraction of teeth leads to loss of alveolar bone in several patterns. The bone loss can occur in a horizontal
or vertical direction or a combination of both. Horizontal ridge width deficiency possesses a challenge for the
clinician to obtain primary stability during loading and there is risk of fracture of bone segment. Therefore
different techniques have been described to gain the ridge width. One of the techniques used is ridge split
technique which was first described by Simion et al in 1992. It is a technique of bone manipulation in such
a way that it becomes a site for implant placement without removing any bone. Various types of techniques
like 3 staged approach, one staged approach etc are described for various sites and situation that help in
obtaining an adequate width for loading. This article specifically deals with the different types of ridge split
techniques and its description in a simplified manner.
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